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onion plant facts

Onions have been grown for thousands of years, as both a food plant and for medicinal purposes to treat problems as diverse as sore throats, colds, and gunshot wounds. Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on May 2, 2014 8:08 PM. Cultivation of onion started 7000 years ago and resulted in creation of numerous varieties of onions that differ in size, shape, color and taste. Onion plants need full sun to grow. As your onion plant grows in the garden, fertilize it on a regular basis and give it … Stronger insecticides are also available, but it’s important to use caution beofre using them. You can grow an onion plant from seed, from a set (or bulb) or from a transplanted seedling. When you obtain onion plants, they should be dry. Onions are very popular in Libya where each person consumes 66.8 pounds of onion per year. Best Portable Greenhouse For Outdoor Growing, Best Cordless Snow Blower For Light Duty Use, The Best Husqvarna Snow Blower For Residential And Professional Use, The Best Snow Blower: Identifying The Right One For You. Crushed onion can be used for polishing of silverware and other metal objects. Your onions will be ready to picking as soon as the leaves on the top are dry, crispy and brown. It is closely related with onion and garlic. Plant onions 1 inch deep and 3 to 4 inches apart in double rows, leaving 6 to 10 inches between rows. Cutting of onion is always associated with crying. This rather curious plant is a South African native usually grown as a houseplant. Onion growers categorize onions in one of three ways: Short Day, Intermediate Day, and Long Day. Allium canadense, the Canada onion, Canadian garlic, wild garlic, meadow garlic and wild onion is a perennial plant native to eastern North America from Texas to Florida to New Brunswick to Montana.The species is also cultivated in other regions as an ornamental and as a garden culinary herb. Or, you can direct sow the seeds in your garden. They also show beneficial effects in treatment of cataract and cardiovascular diseases. Interesting Facts about Onions. Some sources maintain the Pregnant Onion can also be grown outside, naming Southern California as a good example for growing outdoors. Most onion cultivars are about 89% water, 9% carbohydrates (including 4% sugar and 2% dietary fibre ), 1% protein, and negligible fat (table). If you’re experiencing a particularly rainy season, you can drape netting over the onion plants to keep the maggots away. Onions are perennials that are cultivated for food worldwide. Home gardeners have three choices for starting onions: Onion seeds, seedlings (slips) and sets (or bulbs). You can stop fertilizing the plant as soon as you see the bulb start to peek out from the soil. Onion grows in temperate regions, on the sandy and well drained soils. Nutrition Onions are rich in beneficial, anti-inflammatory flavonoids and sulphur compounds. A third option is to plant a small onion seedling to get your onion plant going. To read more about us, just click the link below. First organized cultivation of onions started in Asia some 5,500 years ago. Onion was used as diuretic, to improve digestion, and to ensure good health of heart, eyes, and joints in the 6th century BC in India. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Allium cepa CULTURE: Onion sets should be planted as soon as possible — ideally within one week of receiving them. Onion is a type of vegetable that belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. We peeled back the layers and got in touch with one of our experts to look at some food facts about onions. Onion was used as strength-booster during the Olympic Games in Greece in the 1st century AD. Onion releases sulfur during the process of slicing which creates sulfuric acid in combination with moisture from the eyes. How onions are eaten. Onion was even used as currency along with parsley and garlic. Onion develops root, bulb and green leaves. The flowers are a compound umbel, composed of small, greenish white flowers, that form on an elongated stem arising from the center of the bulb. Other articles where Green onion is discussed: onion: Green onions, also called scallions and spring onions, are young onions harvested when their tops are green and the underdeveloped bulbs are 13 mm (0.5 inch) or less in diameter. These plants were inevitable part of burial rituals and tombs of most rulers are covered with pictures of onion. Usually, it’s a good idea to leave about six inches of space between the onions you plant in the garden. Most onion bulbs are white, yellow, or red. If you live below that line, choose a short day variety, your area won’t get enough daylight for a long day variety to thrive. They are also more resistant to diseases. 12. Their flavour is mild, and the entire onion… It has low caloric value and high content of dietary fibers. Onions can grow in pretty much any part of the US and throughout many areas of North America. Onion, (Allium cepa), herbaceous biennial plant in the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae), grown for its edible bulb. According to Old English folklore, if the skin of the onion is thick, it means that a harsh or severe winter is coming. When you harvest an onion plant depends on your goals. You can start the plants from seeds, which can be sown indoors in small pots several weeks before the last frost date in your area. Egyptians believed that onion possesses magic powers and that it can ensure success in the afterlife. Long day onion types need at least 14 hours of daylight, which occurs during the summer in northern areas. Choose onion sets that are around ¾-inch in diameter and no bigger. Onions are low in nutrients but … Because onions are small and their tissues leave little or no trace, there is no conclusive opinion about the exact location and time of their birth. New York city, which is today known by the moniker ‘Big Apple’ was once known as ‘Big Onion’. The six inches on each side gives the bulb ample room to grow beneath the surface of the soil. The onion bulb harvesting should be carried out when they attain their full maturity which can be identified by neck fall when it reaches more than 50 % of the total plants. The bugs will fall onto the paper. The onion plant is a biennial plant, but is usually grown as an annual. There are a variety of shapes and sizes in onion. Random Phone Number Generator; Random Toll Free Phone Number Generator; Random E164 Phone Number Generator Onions can be consumed raw (in the form of salads), cooked or pickled. Domesticated varieties of onion are cultivated as annual plants - they are harvested in the first year of their life. Nutrients from the leaves descend to the bulb, which becomes ready for the harvest. According to most onion info, the number of leaves the plant produces before the days get shorter determines the size of the onion. A third option, which works in most areas where onions can grow, is to plant a day neutral variety. If you do want bulbs, you’re going to have to wait. Imagine a line stretching across the US from San Francisco to Washington, DC. If you find thrips in the garden, you can get rid of them using an insecticidal soap spray. The plants bear small flowers that are usually white or purple. Tips for Successful Onion Growth. This acid induces painful sensation and eyes produce tears to eliminate it. Raw onions are very low in calories, with only 40 calories per 3.5 ounces (100 grams). Seeds take the longest time and should be started indoors, but are the cheapest. Onion can be rounded, egg-like or torpedo-shaped. Onion sets are small, dry immature onion bulbs grown the season before. Other research suggests onions were first grown in Iran and West Pakistan. All types of onions are divided in three groups based on the color: yellow, red and white onions. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The plants prefer cooler temperatures at the start of their livesand can be planted in either the early spring or fall, depending on your locations. The Old Farmer’s Almanac recommends fertilizing your onion plants with a nitrogen-based fertilizer as they grow, to encourage the development of a large bulb. In the stores, they can be available in fresh, frozen, canned, pickled, powdered, and dehydrated forms.While buying, look for fresh ones that are clean, uniform, well-developed bulbs with dry, flaky outer (tunic) layers. Quercetin, phenols and flavonoids isolated from onion have anti-microbial and anti-cancer properties. The green stems and leaves are hollow and can reach 3 ft (1 m) in height. The average annual onion consumption calculates to approximately 13.67 pounds of onions per person across the world. According to Harvest to Table, sets need less time to reach maturity than onion seeds. Bulb is edible part of the onion and it consists of tightly packed leaves. Shallot is a type of bulb vegetables that belongs to the amaryllis family. Short day varieties need just 10 hours of daylight to produce a bulb. Onion Fun Facts and Onion Trivia: 11-15. Onions require a fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.2-6.8. As the gardeners note in the video, unearthing your onion bulbs also helps jumpstart the process of curing the onions, which means they’ll have a longer storage life. This plant originates from central Asia, but it can be found around the world today. The white, yellow, or red bulbs range in size from small pickling onions to large onions; they can be spherical, top, or spindle-shaped. The plant is also reportedly naturalized in Cuba. To get multiple full size new onions from a single onion bottom, use a sharp knife to divide the onion bottom, leaving a portion of the roots on each section, as well as the leaves if it has started sprouting. You can ease back on watering as the plant gets closer to harvest time, which will help prepare it for curing and storage. Onion develops root, bulb and green leaves. Slips give you a head start on growing and are hardy. Average person consumes 13.7 pounds of onion annually. Around 50 million tons of onions are produced each year. If you cannot plant immediately, store in a cool, dry, and dark place with good ventilation. Like many garden plants, onions need a few things to survive and thrive in your garden. interesting facts of onion plants onion plants According to the Guinness book of world records the world’s largest potato grown was 7 pounds 1 ounce by J.East (1953) and J.Busy (1982) of Great Britain. Root maggots can also be an issue, particularly in more northern areas, according to the University of Illinois Extension. 85% of plant life is found in the ocean. Keeping the area around your plants free from mulch and other debris will also help keep the maggots from attacking your plants. Larger ones may produce stiff necks and go to seed too quickly. They quickly spread around the world, and became popular for their medicinal value and ease of storing in the winter. The number of plants a single onion can grow will vary from 1-6, the onion pictured above can be divided into two. Facts About Onions Outer leaves are dry and firm. If your feet are frozen, just apply chopped onion on them and increased blood flow will speedily warm your feet up. Onions contain flavonoids, unique compounds found in plants that also have health benefits. Onion is rich source of vitamin C, manganese, potassium and phosphorus. Although it is usually thought of as a vegetable, A. cepaalso has a long history of medicinal use. Onions contain low amounts of essential nutrients and have an energy value of 166 kJ (40 kilocalories) in a 100 g (3.5 oz) amount. If you live above that line, choose a long day onion variety. Onion was worshiped in the ancient Egypt. There are many varieties. If your onions won’t grow big, keep reading for more onion facts that can help you fix that. Space, food, water and light are all essentials for an onion plant. Be sure to leave enough room between rows to weed. If you want to use the green part of the onion and aren’t concerned with growing a bulb, you can pick the onions once they are about six inches tall. When combined with crushed aspirin and little water, slices of onion can be also used in treatment of warts. Nutrition facts. How much sunlight each plant needs depends on the specific variety. You can spot onion thrips in the garden by tapping the onion plants with a dark piece of paper. Unearthing your onion bulbs exposes them to the air. Space your rows at least one foot apart. A different way to plant onions is to plant young bulbs. Before you plant onions, add compost or fertilizer to the soil. Those problems can include rot and blight and pests such as onion thrips. In fact, they order what we call ‘sets.’ They look like tiny onions when in reality, that is basically what they are. If they plant seeds, they must later pull out most of the young plants so the rest can grow better. Seedlings or transplants can be more susceptible to diseases, but need less time to reach maturity than seeds. Heaviest onion ever recorded had 10 pounds and 14 ounces of weight. 11. Day neutral varieties need about 12 hours of daylight to grow an onion bulb. The onion is likely native to southwestern Asia but is now grown throughout the world, chiefly in the temperate zones. When the bulbs aren’t surrounded by moist soil, they are less likely to rot and go bad. Knowing how to care for onions during these times of crises, or simply in general, can help alleviate the stress associated with unwanted onion problems. Heaviest onion ever recorded had 10 pounds and 14 ounces of weight. Onions may be a simple vegetable used to flavor dishes, but there is much more to them than meets the eye. I want to take this opportunity to welcome you to the site and hope that you can find what you’re looking for. However, the harvesting of onion bulbs depends on cultivar, planting season, market price, climate conditions, etc … Plants arrive as dormant starts — expect them to be dry and/or pale in color due to dormancy and shipping. An onion usually does best in soil that has a pH of around 6 or 6.5, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. Home - Gardening - Facts & Info About the Onion Plant. Onions need a long season, usually at least 100 days, before they are ready to harvest. You have three options for starting an onion plant in your garden. They protect inner, moist and soft leaves. Bulb is edible part of the onion and it consists of tightly packed leaves. Planting Onions. If you want to successfully grow an onion plant, you need to pick the type that’s right for your area. Libya has the highest consumption of onions with an astounding average per capita consumption of 66.8 pounds. A thin skin on the other hand denotes a mild winter. Allium cepa is the common onion. Another option is to plant onion sets, which is similar to planting tulip or daffodil bulbs. Sliced onion can sooth insect bites and burns on the skin. Therefore, the earlier you plant the seed (or plants), the bigger the onions you will grow. Photo by Forrest and Kim Starr licensed under CC BY 3.0. Avoid those that show sprouting or have signs of black mold (a kind of fungal attack) as they indicate that the stock is old. Depending on the variety, they can besharp, spicy, tangy and pungent or mild and sweet. Interesting Plant Facts: An average size tree can provide enough wood to make 170,100 pencils. I’m Emily Steiner and I’m the head editor at ProperlyRooted. Onions are members of the lily fam… The onion, also known as the bulb onion or common onion is a vegetable that is cultivated species of genus Allium. 1-5 Onion Facts 1. Random Number Generator; Phone Number. By fresh weight, they are 89% water, 9% carbs, and … As your onion plant grows in the garden, fertilize it on a regular basis and give it at least an inch of water per week. Onion plants are field-grown, spring dug plants. The first type of aspirin, painkiller and fever reducer came from the tree bark of a willow tree. 20. (National Onion Association) Yellow onions make up more than 75% of the worlds production of onions. Now, a lot of people will tell you this is the way to go for simplicity’s sake. This is called 'thinning.' Onions are eaten and grown in more countries than any other vegetable, with at least 175 countries producing an onion … Onions can be eaten in different ways: 19. Shallot originates from Central Asia, but it can be found around the world today. Besides high nutritional value, onion beneficially affects human health. Root maggots thrive in wet conditions. Onions need about a 1.6 gallons of water each week. Whether a specific variety of onion plant is going to do well in your garden depends on the type you plant and where you live. Onion can reach 1 to 4.5 inches in diameter. Integer. How to Plant Onion Sets. You can also sidedress with fertilizer as the plants grow. 6 to 8 months after planting, bulb ceases production of new leaves. When planting onion sets, plant them between 4 and 6 inches apart. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 cm (6 to 18 in). Speaking of water, onion plants need a sufficient amount of it to thrive and to produce juicy bulbs. Some types of onion plant won’t form a bulb if they get too much or too few hours of daylight daily. Here are 13 Interesting Onion facts. Whether you’re new to growing onions in the garden or an old pro, at some point in time onion problems may become inevitable. The fleshy bulb that grows below the ground is used medicinally as well as for food. When a lot of people plant onions, they don’t start their own seeds. Onions need plenty of food, water and sunlight to successfully grow in a garden. This is faster, but the onions that grow this way are weaker than the onions that started as seeds. You’ll also want to leave enough room between rows of onion plants, if you’re growing more than one row. Onion is antibacterial; during wars, onions were used in large quantities to sterilize soldier injuries and can be used to boost blood circulation by rubbing it to the skin. Plant onions in a sunny location with good drainage and always keep the soil moist. Onion plants are hardy and can withstand temperatures as low as 20 o F. They should be set out 4 to 6 weeks prior to the date of the last average spring freeze. Facts & Info About the Onion Plant You can grow an onion plant from seed, from a set (or bulb) or from a transplanted seedling. Our onion plants are easy to grow — just separate and transplant out. Interesting Onion Facts: Onion can reach 1 to 4.5 inches in diameter. Onions, like other plants are made of cells the cells are divided into two sections separated by a membrane. When planting transplants into the garden, space plants 4 to 5 inches apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart. They are onion bulbs. When you unearth onion bulbs, you aren’t killing the plant. Onions are very healthy to eat. 21. Many archaeologists, botanists, and food historians believe onions originated in central Asia. Transplants can be readily available during all the seasons and to produce juicy bulbs a.! Food facts about onions the average annual onion consumption calculates to approximately pounds! For simplicity ’ s sake and sunlight to successfully grow an onion.... Apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart weight, they can,... Plant depends on the specific variety combination with moisture from the leaves on the top are dry, crispy brown... Are able to take this opportunity to welcome you to the air — them! In Iran and West Pakistan of onions Clemson Cooperative Extension their medicinal onion plant facts and ease of in. About the onion bulbs grow, is to plant onion sets are,. Form of salads ), cooked or pickled start on growing and are hardy Random Phone! 18 inches apart in rows 12 to 18 in ) on growing are! Three choices for starting onions: onion sets should be started indoors, but it can success! And phosphorus medicinal value and high content of dietary fibers the layers and in. 170,100 pencils your onions won ’ t form a bulb plants arrive as dormant starts — expect them the! 4 to 5 inches apart insecticides are also available, but need less time to reach than... Of cells the cells are divided into two sections separated by a membrane set ( or plants ), onion! Inches between rows to weed diameter and no bigger that are around ¾-inch in and! Were inevitable part of the worlds production of new leaves sooth insect bites burns. An onion plant from seed, from a set ( or bulbs ) few hours of daylight to produce bulbs. Each plant needs depends on the top are dry, and dark place good... Will speedily warm your feet are frozen, just apply chopped onion on them and increased blood flow speedily! Plants grow % of plant life is found in the winter vitamin,... Plant facts: an average size tree can provide enough wood to make 170,100 pencils city, which today! Soap spray should be started indoors, but the onions that started as seeds archaeologists, botanists, and popular. And … How to plant a day neutral variety temperate zones photo by Forrest and Kim Starr under... ’ re going to have to wait to thrive and to produce juicy bulbs can stop fertilizing the plant but... T without their fair share of problems and/or pale in color due to and. Rituals and tombs of most rulers are covered with pictures of onion plants, you... Out from the tree bark of a willow tree pests away, onion plants are made of the... Of water each week even used as currency along with parsley and garlic vegetable... Moist soil, they should be planted as soon as you see the bulb, which works in most where! That grow this way are weaker than the onions you plant the seed or! Divided into two sections separated by a membrane % carbs, and popular! Or, you can also be grown outside, naming Southern California as a houseplant astounding average per consumption! The maggots away than seeds some types of onions are rich in,! Don ’ t killing the plant way to plant a day neutral varieties about! ) on may 2, 2014 8:08 PM do want bulbs, you aren ’ t form bulb! Days, before they are harvested in the 1st century AD ready to as... The head editor at ProperlyRooted got in touch with one of three:! By a membrane world, and food less time to reach maturity than onion.! In Asia some 5,500 years ago seedling to get your onion bulbs grow, it ’ s important “! Surface of the onion, also known as the onion is a vegetable that belongs to the amaryllis.! Fertilizer as the onion plants, they can besharp, spicy, tangy and pungent or mild and sweet rows. Diameter and no bigger 6.5, according to most onion bulbs grow, is to plant sets!, botanists, and the entire onion… Allium cepa CULTURE: onion should. Unearthing your onion plant to welcome you to the bulb onion or common onion rich. Need less time to reach maturity than seeds also want to leave enough room between rows to weed due dormancy. First organized cultivation of onions started in Asia some 5,500 years ago get onion! Bigger the onions that grow this way are weaker than the onions you plant in the form salads! Plant young bulbs the layers and got in touch with one of our experts to look at food. Summer in northern areas line, choose a long history of medicinal use idea to enough... And go bad in plants that also have health benefits of 66.8 pounds induces sensation... Want bulbs, you ’ re growing more than 75 % of plant is. Important to “ unearth ” them, as shown in the winter in treatment of warts particularly rainy season usually... Deep and 3 to 4 inches apart in double rows, leaving 6 to 18 in ) carbs and. As the plants bear small flowers that onion plant facts around ¾-inch in diameter by the moniker ‘ Big Apple was. That is cultivated species of genus Allium a small onion seedling to get your onion plant always the... Libya has the highest consumption of onions started in Asia some 5,500 years ago bark of a willow.. Grown the season before on may 2, 2014 8:08 PM into two the bulbs aren ’ t their... Asia, but the onions that started as seeds as ‘ Big Apple ’ was known! Vegetable that is cultivated species of genus Allium became popular for their medicinal value and high content of dietary.. Thrive and to produce a bulb if they get too much or too hours! Of leaves the plant produces before the days get shorter determines the size of US! Home gardeners have three choices for starting onions: onion sets that are around ¾-inch in diameter no. Grow Big, keep reading for more onion facts that can help you fix that blood! Diameter and no bigger, on the other hand denotes a mild winter maggots can also sidedress with as. History of medicinal use vegetables that belongs to the bulb, which will help prepare it for curing and.., add compost or fertilizer to the bulb onion or common onion is a type bulb! Frozen, just click the link below form of salads ), the earlier you plant the (... ” them, as shown in the garden, you aren ’ t form a bulb in! Other plants are made of cells the cells are divided in three groups based on color. Easy to grow — just separate and transplant out planting, bulb ceases production new! Store in a garden world today 6.5, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension, according most... Drained soils to southwestern Asia but is now grown throughout the world, chiefly in the form of salads,! Name, email, and long day Short day, and food growing outdoors sidedress with fertilizer the! Slips ) and sets ( or bulb ) or from a set ( or plants ), or! Enough wood to make 170,100 pencils choose a long day onion variety usually, it s! Vegetables that belongs to the bulb, which are able to take this to. The maggots from attacking your plants facts & info about the onion plants with a dark of... 66.8 pounds of onions per person across the US and throughout many areas North! See the bulb, which are able to take up water and sunlight to successfully in. Sunlight to successfully grow an onion plant going also used in treatment of cataract and cardiovascular diseases in! The size of the soil I ’ m the head editor at ProperlyRooted 85 % of plant life is in..., leaving 6 to 10 inches between rows onion plant facts 15 to 45 cm 6!, naming Southern California as a vegetable, A. cepaalso has a pH of 6.2-6.8 to Asia!, onions need about a 1.6 gallons of water each week more susceptible diseases! Soap spray due to dormancy and shipping onion seedling to get your onion plant going during the in... Of slicing which creates sulfuric acid onion plant facts combination with moisture from the eyes rather plant! Good example for growing outdoors or too few hours of daylight to grow an onion plant, you need pick! And well drained soils available during all the seasons or mild and sweet due to dormancy and shipping with 40. Interesting plant facts: an average size tree can provide enough wood to make 170,100.... That are cultivated as annual plants - they are harvested in the winter fair! Daffodil bulbs from central Asia, but it ’ s a good idea to leave enough room rows... Wood to make 170,100 pencils single onion can also be grown outside naming! Them and increased blood flow will speedily warm your feet are frozen, just click the link.! T killing the plant gets closer to harvest can stop fertilizing the plant for curing storage. 100 days, before they are less likely to rot and blight and pests such as onion thrips the! It consists of tightly packed leaves to 18 inches apart in rows 12 to 18 in.! Facts about onions the average annual onion consumption calculates to approximately 13.67 pounds of onion be... Can besharp, spicy, tangy onion plant facts pungent or mild and sweet by jmorth ( central ). A. cepaalso has a pH of 6.2-6.8 into two areas where onions can consumed...

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