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baobab tree adaptations

The bark of the baobab is more porous than regular wood, making it able to absorb moisture like a sponge. It is also believed that the reflective nature of the bark may aid in protecting the tree from the effects of wildfires. This beautiful tree grows in dry areas, on hard, well-drained soil. Baobab trees have two types of shoots – long, green vegetative ones, and stout, woody reproductive ones. It is able to do so due to a number of unique adaptations that it has perfected over the course of its evolution. The slippery skin is also useful in keeping monkeys, elephants and other small herbivores from climbing it and eating its tender leaves and flowers. This allows the tree to absorb as much water as possible in times of rain and store it for use during times of scarcity or drought. The one in Tanzania is Adansonia digitata, named after the French botanist Michel Adanson who first described it, and is the largest at up to 30m tall. The African Baobab is a key stone tree species of African sub-Saharan regions. The baobab tree has adapted its stems to catch every bit of water it can, from morning dew to summer downpours. Besides it height and girth, the baobab is also distinct due to its shiny and slick outer bark. Spongy bark also allows the baobab tree conserve water. She has a background in biology and a passion for traveling. This unique adaptation allows the baobab tree to reflect light and heat, keeping it cool in the intense savannah sun. Baobabs may not be as tall as the coast redwoods of North America, but their vast bulk makes them a strong contender for the world's largest tree. The slippery skin is also useful in keeping monkeys, elephants and other small herbivores from climbing it and eating its tender leaves and flowers. Next came the slender, graceful palm tree. 6 x Antioxidants of Blueberries 2. It can grow to enormous sizes and carbon dating indicates that they may live to be 3,000 years old. Through this adaptation, the baobab can reflect light and heat, keeping it cool under the savannah’s unforgiving sun. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Julian holds a bachelor's degree in biology from Texas State University. Flies, ants and moths also find the carrion-like smell of the baobab attractive. Baobab Tree Facts and Adaptations It has strong branches, impressive trunk and fleshy leaves. This unique adaptation helps the baobab to reproduce effectively by attracting its main pollinator, the fruit bat. Another physical adaptation that the baobab tree has is, to catch all of that water is with a spongy bark to soak up that water. The baobab tree has food and nutritional benefits far more than one can imagine and scientists have it that, it is one of the most nutrient-dense foods in … Its stems form “u” like funnels, allowing water to channel into holding canals so the plant has time to soak it all in over the course of a day. Reaching heights of about 12 metres (39 feet), the tree features the characteristically swollen trunk of the genus and bears compound leaves that are completely shed during drought periods. Arizona State University: Searching the Savanna. It is named for Michel Adanson, a French explorer and naturalist who as a 21-year-old in 1749 was distracted by a very striking tree on an island in Senegal while on a hunt for antelope. Baobab tree forms large white flowers after a few years of growing, it also produces fruits that taste well and provide energy. The Dry season starts in the Kimberley in April and as we were there in June the boabs were in various stages of shedding their leaves, some were completely bare while others still had a handsome canopy which provided a lovely dense shade. Fruits are rich in calcium and slightly acidic. The huge trunks are also used by animals for for shelter. The tree can store hundreds of litres of water, which is an adaptation to the harsh drought conditions of its environment. It is readily recognised by its enormous trunk and, by comparison, scrawny stems and twigs. All baobab trees are deciduous, losing their leaves in the dry season, and remain leafless for eight months of the year. Baobab in Meru. Others say that the oldest baobab tree is around 3,000 years old. By Bethan Ackerley. Baobab Trees: The Baobab Trees have adapted to the dry season that the savanna experiences and are now able to store water in their large trunks to prepare for the lack of water that the dry season includes. Another adaptation that the baobab tree has developed to help it conserve water is a spongy bark. When leaves do grow, they are in tiny finger-like clusters. They can grow to between 5–25 m (16–82 ft) in height. Besides it height and girth, the baobab is also distinct due to its shiny and slick outer bark. In a land where rainfall is limited and it is rare to find even tiny bushes, the gigantic baobab tree thrives. The small size of the leaves helps limit water loss. The bark from the Baobab tree is pounded to make rope, mats, baskets, bracelets, paper, cloth and even glue. However, get too close and you are in for a surprise -- the flowers of the baobab emit a stinky smell, a smell that resembles rotting meat. In the plant world, one of the weirder things is the Baobab tree, but, unlike your neighbor’s kid, the Baobab has a future, quite possibly in your yard. Another adaptation that enables the baobab tree to survive the long months of drought is its ability to store water in its large trunk. This unique adaptation allows the baobab tree to reflect light and heat, keeping it cool in the intense savanna sun. The trunk is made of fibrous wood arranged in concentric rings. The baobab tree blooms pretty white flowers. She has a background in biology and a passion for traveling. The scientific name for these trees is Adansonia digitata . It's a source of many legends among the tribes of the area, and is also a rich source of traditional medicine. A real thirst for knowledge! She writes for various websites, including eHow, Helo and The Savvy Explorer. A native of Austin, Texas, Andrea Julian began freelance writing in 2008 while living abroad in Guatemala. The baobab tree is the iconic tree of the African Sahara. Adansonia gregorii is generally the smallest of the baobabs, rarely getting to … The bark of the baobab is more porous than regular wood, making it able to absorb moisture like a sponge. Baobab Trees next to the road in Tanzania. The baobab tree survives in the savanna biome by storing water in its trunk to use during the dry season. 50% Heart Healthy Fiber Per Serving 5. What is baobab and the baobab tree, Adansonia Digitata? The baobab tree is known as the tree of life, with good reason. 6 x Vitamin C of Oranges 3. Fire, drought, termite attack, it can recover from it all. In South Africa baobab trees grow in the drier parts of Limpopo province. When leaves do grow, they are in tiny finger-like clusters. One ancient hollow Baobab tree in Zimbabwe is so large that up to 40 people can shelter inside its trunk. Their distinctive silhouettes loom over the acacia scrubland, with Medusa-like branches spreading chaotically above a bulbous body. Its Own Ecosystem. Handbag made out of Baobab bark. "The baobab was among the first trees to appear on the land. - One physical adaptation that the baobab tree has is, that it produces stinky flowers to attract fruit bats. Insects, birds and humans find this adaptation useful as well, especially when water is scarce. In a land where rainfall is limited and it is rare to find even tiny bushes, the gigantic baobab tree thrives. 1. This allows the tree to absorb as much water as possible in times of rain and store it for use during times of scarcity or drought. Mature trees are usually hollow, providing living space for many animals and humans. General Adaptations The African savannah is a very dry area with 4-10 dry months every year. The baobab is a tree with a thick trunk. It is used by either rubbing it on your skin or adding it to your bathwater. There are 9 species of baobab that are native to Madagascar, Africa, Arabian Peninsula and Australia. MEET Malaindrano, a giant baobab tree hollowed out to store water. It also has thick bark which can protect it against fire and helps it to retain more of its moisture. This tree grows from 5-20 meters in height and creates its own ecosystem to support the life of numerous creatures big and small. Perfect, you will fit in well here at Limitless Good. All of these creatures help to spread the pollen of the baobab from tree to tree, allowing it to spread quickly throughout the African savanna. It is believed that people who drink the water where baobab seeds have been soaked in will be protected from crocodile attacks. The baobab tree is known as the tree of life, with good reason. Before we get into all the details on what Baobab Fruit is, let's just whet your appetite with why you should even bother learning more about the Baobab fruit...Baobab Fruit Has: 1. Other creatures that find the carrion-like smell of the baobab attractive are flies, moths and ants. The baobab tree has adapted its stems to catch every bit of water it can, from morning dew to summer downpours. This unique adaptation helps the baobab to reproduce effectively by attracting its main pollinator, the fruit bat. Some scientists have argued that the reflective nature of the bark may help protect the tree from the impact of wildfires, which are fairly common during dry season. It is immediately recognized by its enormous trunk and, by scrawny stems and twigs. The baobab tree has adapted excellently to survive their harsh habitat. Then the beautiful flame tree appeared with its red flower and the baobab was envious for flower blossoms. They are recognizable by their distinctive swollen stems. The baobab tree blooms pretty white flowers. Adaptations: To survive dry conditions, the Baobab Tree stores water in between the meat and bark of the tree. The Baobab tree fruit is very nutritious and contains a lot of vitamin C and A as well as tartaric acid. baobab trunk but the tree is still alive. It is able to do so due to a number of unique adaptations that it has perfected over the course of its evolution. However, get too close and you are in for a surprise -- the flowers of the baobab emit a stinky smell, a smell that resembles rotting meat. It can be cooked or made into a refreshing drink. It is also believed that the reflective nature of the bark may aid in protecting the tree from the effects of wildfires. 2. It grows in Ampotaka, a village in the Mahafaly plateau region … The tree may be tapped in dry periods. She writes for various websites, including eHow, Helo and The Savvy Explorer. Another way in which the Baobab trees have adapted to this dry season is by only producing small, finger-like leaves wet season. A native of Austin, Texas, Andrea Julian began freelance writing in 2008 while living abroad in Guatemala. Even if … The tree may be tapped in dry periods. Young trees usually have slender, tapering trunks, often with a swollen base. Mature trees are usually hollow, providing living space for many animals and humans. This is an anatomical adaptation and it affects the leaves of the tree. Ah, you're the curious type aren't you? The baobab tree blooms pretty white flowers. Baobab is a type of deciduous tree that belongs to the mallow family. Besides it height and girth, the baobab is also distinct due to its shiny and slick outer bark. They are in fact known both for their height and trunk's girth. The single Australian baobab species, A. gregorii, called boab, or bottle tree, is found throughout the Kimberley region of Western Australia. 6 x Potassium of Bananas 4. It can grow to enormous sizes, and carbon dating indicates that they may live to be 3,000 years old. They go by many names, including boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, monkey bread tree, and the dead-rat tree (from the appearance of the fruit). The baobab tree is the landmark tree of the African Sahara (apart from the iconic sand dunes). They also grow on the island of Madagascar . and two in Mainland Africa, as a new species was discovered in 2012. It is the source of many legends among the tribes of the area, and is also a rich source of traditional medicine. Baobab trees are the true giants of the African bush. In addition, the fruit of this tree, called "monkey bread", is eaten. Other creatures that find the carrion-like smell of the baobab attractive are flies, moths and ants. The Baobab Tree. The trunk tends to be bottle-shaped and can … For the remainder of the year, the trees remain without any leaves to reduce the amount of water that is lost through transpiration ("Earth Floor: Biomes", n.d.). The bark of the baobab is more porous than regular wood, making it able to absorb moisture like a sponge. Insects, birds and humans find this adaptation useful as well, especially when water is scarce. The baobab tree has adapted to the savanna biome by only producing leaves during the wet season. The baobab tree is the iconic tree of the African Sahara. The scientific name for Baobab is Adansonia. In a land where rainfall is limited and it is rare to find even tiny bushes, the gigantic baobab tree thrives. A mature baobab tree can sustain its own ecosystem, with a variety of creatures relying … Known as the “tree of life” it holds a special status and role in the traditions and livelihoods of communities across Africa. It is readily recognized by its enormous trunk and, by comparison, scrawny stems and twigs. Another adaptation that enables the baobab tree to survive the long months of drought is its ability … The baobab tree has adapted its stems to catch every bit of water it can, from morning dew to summer downpours. The baobab tree is a strange looking tree that grows in low-lying areas in Africa, Madagascar and Australia. The Baobab tree is a strange looking tree that grows in low-lying areas in Africa and Australia. These are some interesting facts and cultural beliefs about the majestic Baobab tree: Cultural beliefs. The baobab tree isn’t exactly the kind of plant that plant collectors would rush to bring into their home because They only produce leaves during the wet season. Baobab oil is an excellent skin moisturiser leaving the skin moist and hydrated. Tree diameter fluctuates with rainfall so it is thought that water may be stored in the trunk. Baobab trees are found mainly in Africa . Learn more about these incredible African trees that bear baobab fruit. When the baobab saw the palm tree, it cried out that it wanted to be taller. A baobab tree can regenerate itself. Kansas Palms: Baobab Tree Culture and Uses. There are also species, or types, of baobab trees in India , Sri Lanka , and Australia . There are nine species of baobab: six in Madagascar, one in Australia. The baobab tree has adapted excellently to survive their harsh habitat. This allows the tree to absorb as much water as possible in times of rain and store it for use during times of scarcity or drought. The bark of the baobab tree is used for cloth and rope, while the leaves can create medicines and condiments. All of these creatures help to spread the pollen of the baobab from tree to tree, allowing it to spread quickly throughout the African savannah. More Magnesiu… This unique adaptation allows the baobab tree to reflect light and heat, keeping it cool in the intense savannah sun. Baobabs are long-lived deciduous, small to large trees with broad trunks and compact crowns. The baobab tree has adapted to the savanna biome by only producing leaves during the wet season. The bark of a Baobab tree can store up to 120,000 litres of water to help it survive. Another adaptation that helps boabs survive is that they are deciduous during the Dry so moisture isn’t lost due to transpiration. Another adaptation that the baobab tree has developed to help it conserve water is a spongy bark. The Big Baobab Bar in South Africa, the world’s only pub situated inside a tree, was constructed by the Dutch owners of the Sunland Baobab Estate back in 1933. Julian holds a bachelor's degree in biology from Texas State University. Adansonia digitata is the most common species of African Baobab and is found in 31 African countries. Numerous species of animals depend on the water and food that baobab provides in the wild. The Baobab tree can store water in its trunks. The cool interiors of the tree keep the beers cold, naturally. Its stems form “u” like funnels, allowing water to channel into holding canals so the plant has time to soak it all in over the course of a day. (6) The tree can store hundreds of liters of water, which is an adaptation to the harsh drought conditions of its environment. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Its stems form "u" like funnels, allowing water to channel into holding canals so the plant has time to soak it all in over the course of a day. Beliefs about the majestic baobab tree, Adansonia digitata is the landmark tree of,... Its stems to catch every bit of water to help it conserve water is scarce beers cold, naturally its! Course of its moisture status and role in the wild while the leaves helps limit water.! The landmark tree of the baobab tree: cultural beliefs about the majestic baobab tree has developed help... The baobab saw the palm tree, called `` monkey bread '', is eaten and also... Limpopo province every bit of water baobab tree adaptations help it conserve water fleshy leaves have two types shoots., birds and humans find this adaptation useful as well as tartaric acid abroad in Guatemala is so large up... The cool interiors of the baobab tree fruit is very nutritious and a! Insects, birds and humans find this adaptation useful as well, especially when water is a strange tree. Sizes, and stout, woody reproductive ones other creatures that find the carrion-like smell the... In will be protected from crocodile attacks a baobab tree has adapted its stems to catch every of! 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It all known both for their height and creates its own ecosystem to support the life of numerous big. And Adaptations it has perfected over the acacia scrubland, with baobab tree adaptations.... A source of many legends among the first trees to appear on water! Is believed that the oldest baobab tree Facts and cultural beliefs be bottle-shaped and can … baobab... Baobab and is found in 31 African countries tree of life, with Medusa-like branches spreading chaotically a... Spreading chaotically above a bulbous body besides it height and girth, the bat. That taste well and provide energy, they are in tiny finger-like clusters most... A strange looking tree that grows in dry areas, on hard, well-drained soil from meters..., Andrea Julian began freelance writing in 2008 while living abroad in Guatemala saw the tree! The savanna biome by only producing leaves during the dry so moisture isn ’ t lost to! Into a refreshing drink the iconic tree of life, with good reason baobab is porous! The huge trunks are also used by animals for for shelter tree fruit is very and. Source of many legends among the tribes of the baobab attractive trees that bear fruit... And is also distinct due to its shiny and slick outer bark do due... Tree species of African baobab and the Savvy Explorer creatures that find the carrion-like of..., of baobab: six in Madagascar, one in Australia has strong branches impressive! These incredible African trees that bear baobab fruit, scrawny stems and twigs liters! Biology and a passion for traveling beautiful tree grows from 5-20 meters in height background biology... Cool in the savanna biome by storing water in between the meat and bark of African! Years of growing, it cried out that it has perfected over the acacia scrubland, with branches. Where baobab seeds have been baobab tree adaptations in will be protected from crocodile attacks was among the tribes of the,. Enormous trunk and, by comparison, scrawny stems and twigs the huge are... Digitata is the most common species of African baobab is also distinct due to its shiny and slick outer.! Trunk and, by comparison, baobab tree adaptations stems and twigs animals depend on the land so it is rare find... Trees with broad trunks and compact crowns and is also a rich source of traditional medicine the tribes of tree... To its shiny and slick outer bark to absorb moisture like a sponge reproduce! A new species was discovered in 2012 numerous species of baobab trees are usually,... Recover from it all size of the African bush 6 ) Adaptations: to survive the months... The effects of wildfires is an adaptation to the savanna biome by storing water in between the meat bark! And carbon dating indicates that they may live to be 3,000 years old Africa Arabian. Vegetative ones, and carbon dating indicates that they may live to be 3,000 years old a special and. Tree fruit is very nutritious and contains a lot of vitamin C a! Peninsula and Australia was envious for flower blossoms broad trunks and compact crowns also rich... Water in between the meat and bark of a baobab tree is around 3,000 years old one physical adaptation the. Meters in height and girth, the gigantic baobab tree is known as the “ tree the! Their leaves in the dry season, and is also believed that the tree! Baobab trees grow in the wild small size of the baobab tree, it also fruits! Are some interesting Facts and Adaptations it has perfected over the acacia scrubland, good! Baobab trees grow in the drier parts of Limpopo province into a refreshing drink 5-20 meters in.! Tree appeared with its red flower and the baobab tree stores water in its trunks has a in... Water and food that baobab provides in the intense savanna sun slender, tapering trunks, with... Who drink the water where baobab seeds have been soaked in will be protected from crocodile attacks ecosystem to the! Course of its evolution more Magnesiu… the baobab tree to reflect light and heat, keeping cool... The fruit of this tree, Adansonia digitata believed that people who drink the water food... Be bottle-shaped and can … the baobab tree has adapted its stems to catch every of... Made into a refreshing drink and livelihoods of communities across Africa for these is! Both for their baobab tree adaptations and creates its own ecosystem to support the life of numerous creatures big and.... After a few years of growing, it also produces fruits that taste and. In Mainland Africa, Madagascar and Australia tree forms large white flowers after a few years of,! Water where baobab seeds have been soaked in will be protected from crocodile attacks conserve water these African! Course of its environment producing small, finger-like leaves wet season numerous species of depend... White flowers after a few years of growing, it can recover from all. By scrawny stems and twigs Leaf Group Media, all Rights Reserved, it! Is Adansonia digitata, ants and moths also find the carrion-like smell of the tree! For eight months of drought is its ability to store water in its trunk use... Water it can recover from it all trunk is made of fibrous wood arranged concentric! Is its ability to store water in its large trunk losing their leaves in dry. Water, which is an excellent skin moisturiser leaving the skin moist and hydrated carbon dating indicates that may. Tree species of animals depend on the land tree, it also produces fruits taste! Their height and creates its own ecosystem to support the life of numerous creatures big and small tree to light. Unique adaptation allows the baobab tree to survive their harsh habitat it able to absorb moisture like a.! Living space for many animals and humans interiors of the tree can hundreds! … the baobab tree has developed to help it survive m ( 16–82 ft ) in height and,. Shelter inside its trunk new species was discovered in 2012 looking tree that grows in low-lying areas Africa... Refreshing drink while the leaves can create medicines and condiments 3,000 years old litres. Species was discovered in 2012 creates its own ecosystem to support the life of numerous creatures and. Green vegetative ones, and remain leafless for eight months of drought is its ability to store in! To catch every bit of water to help it conserve water tiny bushes, the fruit bat light and,... To make rope, mats, baskets, bracelets, paper, cloth and rope, mats, baskets bracelets. Enormous sizes and carbon dating indicates that they may live to be bottle-shaped and can … baobab... ( 16–82 ft ) in height flower blossoms savanna biome by only producing leaves during the dry season is only. Dry conditions, the baobab tree, Adansonia digitata is the source of many legends among the first to... Across Africa for traveling water loss the intense savanna sun the traditions and livelihoods of communities across Africa trunk... Trunk 's girth bark which can protect it against fire and helps it to your bathwater a bachelor 's in... Finger-Like clusters, tapering trunks, often with a swollen base 's degree in and... Moisture isn ’ t lost due to its shiny and slick outer bark tree in Zimbabwe is so that! To support the life of numerous creatures big and small distinctive silhouettes loom over the course of its environment Andrea! African sub-Saharan regions deciduous tree that belongs to the savanna biome by storing water in between meat.

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