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Cholistan is the only desert that exists in both Pakistan and India. INTRODUCTION ow let's review the crafts of Cholistan. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. During the last three years from 2001 to 2003, attempts have been made to collect and observe the amphibians and reptiles in different parts of Cholistan Desert. The major limit to class amphibia production is due to non-availability of water. 2008;15(3):193-205. Cholistan Desert has its high and low sand dunes, and also supports several varieties of plant species which provide food and refuge to animals, birds and insects. 1. The striped hyena, caracal, urial, Indian leopard, and the Indian wolf are the notable mammalian fauna of the Indus Valley Desert. Total area of Cholistan. Snakes such as Vipers and Sand Cobra are commonly found. The coastline of Pakistan is 1,050 km long and consists of a variety of habitat types, supporting a wide range of animals, of which over 1000 are fish species in the reefs of its continental shelf. For explanation on habitats, see Habitats of flora and fauna and Forestry in Pakistan. Traditional Animal Genetic Resources for Food & Agriculture. The nomads belong to different Class insecta was found to achieve maximum abundance (68%) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert. The principal inhabitants of the region surrounding Bahawalpur are Jat and Baloch peoples.… Vast Indus plains have had vegetation taken away to grow crops. The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, … West coast of Great Rann of Kutch, east to the Indus River Delta and below Tharparkar desert, is one of the few places where greater flamingos come to breed. Cholistan desert is a part of the ancient Hakra River civilization, one of the oldest civi-lizations of the Aryan settlers in the Indian subcontinent. Spiders were collected by hand-picking and jarring method. Cholistan Desert; Thal Desert; Kharan Desert; Thar Desert Thar is one of the largest deserts of Pakistan. Grey partridge is one of the few birds that can be found in the Cholistan desert. Very little wildlife lives there and only animals like the jackal, mongoose, jungle cat, civet cat, scaly anteater, desert cat and the wild hare live in these areas.. Parts of Thal desert and Cholistan desert are now being irrigated.The Chinkara is the only animal living there now. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. Boulenger GA. The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, wild cats, lizards and snakes etc. National Institute of Oceanography (Pakistan). It is also a habitat for endangered species of lesser florican. It was further reported that the … The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma: reptilia and Batrachia. Smith MA. Deserts Of Pakistan: 1.Cholistan Desert Cholistan desert spread over the areas of Bahawalpur , Bhawalnagar and Rahimyar Khan 2.Indus Valley Desert The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. Observations and annotations. Current condition. Grey partridge is one of the few birds that can be found in the Cholistan desert. An outbreak of a respiratory disease occurred in the dromedary population of Greater Cholistan desert, which was quite foreign to the locale. Women’s Role in Livestock Economy of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. The Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان ‎; Punjabi: چولستان روہی), also locally known as Rohi (روہی), is a large desert in the southern part of Punjab, Pakistan that forms part of the Greater Thar Desert, which extends to Sindh province and the Indian state of Rajasthan. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, Climate Change, Ethnoecology, Ethnobotany, Traditional Knowledge, One Health, Sustainable Farming, Healthy Food, … The crop residues and wild growth support reasonable populations of black and grey partridges. Sea snakes such as yellow-bellied sea snake are also found in the pelagic zone of the sea. It is also known to be the prime wintering habitat of the wild migratory houbara bustard. copyrighted © 2020 The Express Tribune. It is documented that almost half of Pakistan’s population consists of females, and they contribute about … The vastness of the Thar desert is spread … Identification of faunal species was made on the basis of morphological characteristics. Masroor R, Arshad M. Biodiversity; and ecology of the herpeto fauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Frequency occurrence of various dwelling fauna from 2000 to 2001, percentages are given in parentheses. The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilisation have been found. Selected features. Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. Boulenger GA. Biodiversity in the Surface Dwelling Fauna from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan Author: Nuzhat Sial and Mohammad Arshad Subject: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences Keywords: Surface dwelling, fauna, Cholistan desert, biodiversity Created Date: 8/23/2017 8:03:41 AM 'In order to support and strengthen flora and fauna and echo system of Cholistan desert area, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University Bahawalpur got seeds of several species of plants and herbs scattered in the desert area, ' it said. Camels in Cholistan are not only used for the transportation and loading purposes, but its skin and wool is also used to make woolen blankets … The Asiatic wild ass migrates from the Indian part of the Great Rann of Kutch to the part in Pakistan in search of food. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. The walls have a circumference of 1500 meters and stand up to 30 meters high. The threatened ones include Asiatic black bear, Himalayan brown bear, Indian wolf, Kashmir gray langur, Kashmir red deer, markhor, rhesus macaque, Siberian ibex, smooth-coated otter and white-bellied musk deer, bird species of cheer pheasant, peregrine falcon, western tragopan and reptile species of mugger crocodile. The survey was conducted on the spider fauna of Cholistan desert in Pakistan during 2001-2003. When “Hakra” River dried up, once fertile area turned into a desolate sandy monster over a period of centuries and was given the names of “Rohi”** or “Cholistan”. The Tharparkar desert supports a fair population of the chinkara. The hilsa swims up from the Arabian Sea to spawn in freshwater. The Hakra River runs through the desert and many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization are found along the banks of the river. Some of the wildlife species found on northern mountainous areas and Pothohar Plateau include the non-threatened mammal species of bharal, Eurasian lynx, Himalayan goral, Indian leopard, Marco Polo sheep, marmot (in Deosai National Park) and yellow-throated marten and birds species of chukar partridge, Eurasian eagle-owl, Himalayan monal and Himalayan snowcock and amphibian species of Himalayan toad and Muree Hills frog. The wetlands are a habitat for migratory birds such as Dalmatian pelicans and demoiselle crane as well as predatory species of osprey, common kingfisher, fishing cat and leopard cat near the coastline. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. Wetlands, coastal regions and marine life, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Protected and reserved forests of Pakistan, List of marine protected areas of Pakistan, National Institute of Oceanography (Pakistan), Chashma and Taunsa Barrage Dolphin Sanctuary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fauna_of_Pakistan&oldid=984142206, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 12:55. There are a number of protected wetlands (under Ramsar Convention) across Pakistan. The total area of Cholistan desert is 10,399 square miles (2,693,328 … Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan. Russ J Herpetol. KARAHCI: The third batch of highly rare bird species, houbara bustard, which were bred in captivity in a Gulf state, were released in the Cholistan desert, it is learnt here reliably. Cholistan desert was once a flourishing center of “Hakra” Civilization. The Cholistan Desert, which is locally known as Rohi, is one of the most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan. Spread … Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan Biodiversity in the Surface Dwelling Fauna from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan: Nuzhat Sial and Mohammad Arshad : Abstract: A field study aimed at knowing the patterns of distribution of surface dwelling fauna in Cholistan desert, was conducted from January 2000 to December 2001. The word cholistan is derived from Choli which means desert in Turkish language that’s why it is known as … Sr. No. Taylor & Francis. Cholistan is a desert in South of Punjab, also known as Rohi. Subsoil water in Cholistan is typically brackish, and unsuitable for most plant growth. The area was under perennial regular irrigated agriculture till 1200 B.C and under seasonal regular irrigated cultivation until 600 B.C. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan Some of the non-threatened mammal species of the Indus plains and the deserts of Sindh include the nilgai, red fox and wild boar, bird species of Alexandrine parakeet, barn owl, black kite, myna, hoopoe, Indian peafowl, red-vented bulbul, rock pigeon, shelduck and shikra, reptile species of Indian cobra, Indian star tortoise, Sindh krait and yellow monitor and amphibian species of Indus Valley bullfrog and Indus Valley toad. Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of … Baig KJ. 'Hunters with political connections causing the damage', Camel wrestling enthrals audiences in RYK. The duration of outbreak was more than a month (from the mid of November 2010 to the mid of December 2010). Cholistan is desert of Pakistan and its local name is Rohi Desert. Class insecta was found to achieve maximum abundance (68%) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert. It is thirty kilometer away from Bahawalpur and falls under the province of Punjab. During the last three years from 2001 to 2003, attempts have been made to collect and observe the amphibians and reptiles in different parts of Cholistan Desert. BY LIVESTOCK IN ARID RANGELANDS OF CHOLISTAN DESERT (PAK ISTAN) M. Abdullah1, *, M. Rafay2, T. Hussain2, H. Ahmad3, U. Tahir4, F. Rasheed5, T. Ruby6 and S. Khalil2 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, 2Department of Forestry Range and Wildlife Management, 3Department of Animal Nutrition, University College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan, … It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India.The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert.Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. In … In Pakistan, the land of golden sand dunes is known as Cholistan Desert. Katpana Desert. Camel is the largest breeding ground in the Cholistan with a current population of about 0.36 million. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. Cholistan wildlife: Gazelles, migratory birds threatened by poachers. Other articles where Cholistan is discussed: Bahawalpur: Farther east the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with mound ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. Area/Number. The blackbuck, who lived there once in big numbers, is … Save as: AGRIS_AP RIS EndNote(XML) … Most common of them are below; Russ J Herpetol. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India. According to a press release issued here, the flora and fauna system of Cholistan desert area had been affected by global warming, weather change, and humane activities. The desert area experiences extremes of climate ranging from extremely hot summers to freezing winters. The Derawar Fort is 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most superlatively preserved fort of Cholistan. Cholistan desert is very famous for hosting Pakistan largest annual sports event, known as “Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally”. 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