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The long term replacement for the Mirage IVP was Mirage 2000N aircraft outfitted with a modern PRNG Pod de Reconnaissance Nouvelle Génération (New Generation Reconnaissance Pod), equipped with digital camera equipment. ", Mirage IV information and photos by Yves Fauconnier, Mirage IV data from former Forces Aériennes Stratégiques website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dassault_Mirage_IV&oldid=980652259, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with unsourced statements from June 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Aircraft specs templates using afterburner without dry parameter, Military articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 16× 454 kg (1,000 lb) free-fall conventional bombs. On the right console, a small steering wheel allowed the pilot to steer the plane without the help of the brakes, making taxiing on the ground very easy.”. However, the wing is significantly thinner to allow better high-speed performance and has a thickness/chord ratio of only 3.8% at the root and 3.2% at the tip; this wing was the thinnest built in Europe at that time and one of the thinnest in the world. Flying was very pleasant, I would even say it was easy, with flexible and very effective flight controls.”, “Not easy to find… I would say the relative low power of its jet engines, which were especially sensitive in the take-off phase at maximum load. As a bonus, I am including another Mirage III model, the IIIB2, with the Mirage IV nose refuelling probe used for training. [53] Various test launches of dummy and later live ASMPs were performed using the Mirage IV as the launch platform between 1981 and 1983. [12][34], From 1972 onward, 12 aircraft were also equipped to carry the CT52 reconnaissance pod in the bomb recess. [19][20], In April 1965, the British Government cancelled the TSR-2 reconnaissance-strike aircraft. In terms of pure piloting, in the classic phases: take off, final approach and landing, ascent and descent, navigating at high and low altitude, this plane was particularly pleasant. I’d love to know what the French equivalent of “tin triangle” is. Takeoff at night in snow knowing that we would not be able to return to the fold. The crew of two sat in tandem in the long and narrow fuselage. This prototype was 20 metres (67 ft) long, had a 11 metres (37 ft) wingspan, 62 square metres (670 sq ft) of wing area, and weighed approximately 25,000 kilograms (55,000 lb). [13] The three prototype aircraft were built between 1961 and 1963, with first flights on 12 October 1961, 1 June 1962, and 23 January 1963. [47] Even so, some sources state that some of the mission profiles envisioned were actually one-way, with the crew having no chance of returning after bombing a Soviet city. Perfectly effective for what it was designed for, no doubt.”, We sell fantastic high quality aviation-themed gifts here. I’d seen pictures of the Mirage III and IV, and I’d always assumed that the IV was just an upgrade of the III. The equipment was completely traditional with conventional flight control and engine control instruments and the same equipment as on any plane. At Luxeuil Air Base, located at almost 1,000 feet above sea level, and in summer, the aircraft was at the limit of the performance curves at lift-off. The Mirage IV was ultimately not adopted by any other operators. Fast & Free shipping on many items! [56] Aviation authors Bill Gunston and Peter Gilchrist allege that French officials had historically discounted the option of recovering Mirage IVs in friendly territory as unduly optimistic, as those nations might become unfriendly or hostile in the aftermath of a French nuclear attack.[3]. Weighing in at 33 and a half tons, capable of rocket-assisted take-offs, with a top speed of Mach 2.2 — and the ability to deliver a nuclear holocaust — few aircraft were as exciting as the Mirage IV … [7] While being significantly smaller than an expensive medium bomber proposal for the role, the Mirage IV was roughly three times the weight of the preceding Mirage III. However, in the range of its operational use, this weakness was forgotten.”, How would your rate the Mirage IV in the following categories:A. Instantaneous turnB. [49], Initially, the basic attack flight profile was "high-high-high" at a speed of Mach 1.85, engaging targets up to a maximum radius of 3,500 km (2,175 mi). [51] In 1979, in response to the decreasing effectiveness of free-fall bombs used by both its strategic and tactical nuclear forces, development of the ASMP stand-off missile was initiated; the ASMP would possess a range of up to 400 km (250 mi) and was alternative armed with either a single 150 or 300 kiloton nuclear warhead. [28] However, Bill Gunston notes that low-level Mirage IV missions had been planned since 1963 and Mirage IVs operated regularly at low level since 1965, and argues that the ability of a strategic bomber to operate from unprepared airstrips is historically unimportant. The sizable technological and operational uncertainties (no plane had yet been found able to cruise at over Mach 1.8 for long periods of time) were only one part of the problem. [13] Free-falling munitions could also be aimed using a ventral blister-mounted periscope from the navigator's position. Relative freedom arrived much later.There was nothing comparable with Mirage IIIE missions for single-seat penetration fighter / bomber jets. Here is the Dassault Mirage III modeler's one-stop resource for photos, kits, details, and references. The Dassault Mirage IV was a French supersonic strategic bomber and deep-reconnaissance aircraft. [8] However, development of the aircraft was ultimately cancelled in July 1959 due to the greater cost involved, a decision having been taken to rely upon aerial refueling instead also being a factor. Twice the size of the Mirage III, an internal fuel capacity allowing for more than two hours of autonomy, the possibility of flying at Mach 2 for several tens of minutes, refuelling in flight. [48] The inability for the Mirage IV to return after missions had been a point of controversy during the aircraft's early development. For many years it was a vital part of the nuclear triad of the Force de Frappe, France's nuclear deterrent striking force. How did you feel about the prospect of carrying out a nuclear attack? [26] The estimated cost was 2.321 million pounds per aircraft (for 50) or 2.067 million (for 110), less than the price of the F-111K. The wing pylons could also carry a heavy load of conventional bombs, but this armament was seldom used. Several Nord Noratlas were specially modified, having received the Mirage IV's radar, control consoles, and additional electrical generators, for the purpose of training navigators; these were later replaced by a pair of customised Dassault Falcon 20 outfitted with much of the Mirage IVP's avionics. Its engines featured moveable inlet half-cones ("souris / mice") to adjust for different airflow conditions, as well as spring … On later aircraft, this equipment typically included a Barax NG jammer pod under the port wing and a BOZ expendables dispenser under the starboard wing. Thus, it was decided to pass a greater share of the deterrent role onto land-based missiless and submarine-launched ballistic missiles alternatives; as a result, a single wing of Mirage IVs was stood down in 1976, partially due to fleet-wide attrition losses. Developed by Dassault Aviation, the aircraft entered service with the French Air Force in October 1964. This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Jets » Dassault Mirage IV [3], Dassault's resulting prototype, dubbed Mirage IV 01, looked a lot like the Mirage IIIA, even though it had double the wing surface, two engines instead of one, and twice the unladen weight. What is the biggest myth about the Mirage IV? When I was on Mirage IVAs, the missions were highly standardised, there was no question of going beyond the defined framework. His role within the air force was to assure nuclear dissuasion. The fourth prototype Mirage IVA-04 was essentially representative of the production aircraft that would follow. ES 1/91 Gascogne's surviving Mirage IVPs were retired in 2005 and are conserved and stored at the Centre d'Instruction Forces Aériennes Stratégiques (CIFAS) at Bordeaux Mérignac. However, the wing is significantly thinner to allow better high-speed performance and has a thickness/chord ratio of only 3.8% at the root and 3.2% at the tip; this wing was the thinnest built in Europe at that time and one of the thinnest in the world. Building Heller's 1/48 Mirage IVP By Jeff Smith. “The finesse of its airframe, which allowed for amazing performance, and its aesthetics (as with most planes coming from Dassault, it must be said).It was perfectly suited to the missions for which it was designed: high altitude and high Mach speeds, and later very low altitude, high speed as well as being able to navigate anywhere on the planet completely autonomously. The purpose of JATOs is to ensure, in conditions where the aircraft engines do not have sufficient power, that the plane can reach its take-off speed. These squadrons were:[41][42], After establishment of its own deterrent force, the Force de Dissuassion, more commonly known as the Force de frappe, France withdrew from the military command structure of NATO in 1966. S u m m a r y: Catalogue Number and Description: Pavla C72061 MIG-25P replacement for the Condor kit Pavla C72059 Mirage IV for the … However, the wing is significantly thinner to allow better high-speed performance and has a thickness/chord ratio of only 3.8% at the root and 3.2% at the tip; this wing was the thinnest built in Europe at that time and one of the thinnest in the world.While being significantly smaller than an expensive medium bomber proposal for the role, the Mirage IV was r… One of my favorite Cold War jets. With regard to the high alpha performance, as with any delta wing aircraft, approaching the angle of attack limit made flying in formation tricky, but this was outside the normal range of use. The first operational use of the system took place during missions in Chad in September 1974. The outer pylons typically carried ECM and chaff/flare dispenser pods to supplement the internal jamming and countermeasures systems. It had been planned for this batch to be powered by the newer Pratt & Whitney/SNECMA TF106 turbofan engine. [22] Although designed by Dassault, the production was to be carried out jointly between Dassault and its subcontractors (wing, mid-fuselage, and tail) and BAC (front and rear fuselage). Great deals on Heller 1:48 Military Aircraft Models & Kits. [17] This version would have been very costly, and ultimately was not ordered. “Strategic bomber. In addition, it required surprisingly little maintenance considering its age and complexity. [6] This aircraft had a wing area of 77.9 square metres (839 sq ft) and weighed about 32,000 kilograms (70,000 lb)[12] On 4 April 1960, a formal order for 50 production Mirage IVA aircraft was issued. [23] While the IV* was claimed to meet most of the Royal Air Force (RAF)'s requirements, and to be £1 million cheaper than the American-made F-111K was preferred (only to be cancelled in turn) and the Spey-engined Mirage abandoned. This, BAC argued, could provide a highly efficient TSR.2 replacement aircraft, fully capable of performing the TSR.2 tasks, at a total cost, for seventy-five aircraft … More!”. The execution of the eject order by the navigator is crucial so that the pilot can eject under the right conditions.This is what happened, and recovery by helicopter is a great moment!”, Tell me about the rocket- assisted take off. On 31 July 1996, the Mirage IVP was formally retired in its bomber capacity, the nuclear mission having been transferred from the Mirage IV to the newer Dassault Mirage 2000N. The importance of the FAS mission prevailed over all other considerations. Even with comparable flight performance, piloting a military aircraft has no other purpose than the completion of a specific mission, which the pilot can appreciate more or less, according to his preferences.”. Note: French Air Force Mirage 4P waiting for take-off approval on the apron at Kleine Brogel, during the photo-call day (2005) and its last time visit to Belgium (prior to retirement). The first flight, as with any single-seater (even if there was in this case an “active passenger”), remains memorable, because it is the discovery that you are in a machine where no one other than yourself can be of any concrete help. The Dassault Mirage IV was a French jet-propelled supersonic strategic bomber and deep-reconnaissance aircraft. [18] Dassault proposed a version of the Mirage IVA with Rolls-Royce Avon engines. In response, Dassault and British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) proposed a modified Mirage IV variant as a replacement in July 1965. [2], The 01 was an experimental prototype built to explore and solve the problems stemming from prolonged supersonic flight. Dassault Mirage III Modeler's Online Reference Cybermodeler Online “I already had the opportunity to use take-off assistance rockets on the F-84F. Sud Aviation and Nord Aviation both submitted competing proposals, both based on existing aircraft; Sud Aviation proposed the Super Vautour, a stretched Sud Aviation Vautour with 47 kilonewtons (10,500 lbf) thrust SNECMA Atar engines and a combat radius of 2,700 kilometres (1,700 mi) at Mach 0.9. [31], The Mirage IV is powered by two Snecma Atar turbojets, fed by two air intakes on either side of the fuselage that had intake half-cone shock diffusers, known as souris ("mice"), which were moved forward as speed increased to trim the inlet for the shock wave angle. In December 1963 Dassault proposed a Mirage IV-106 variant with 2 Snecma TF106 (license-built Pratt and Whitney) engines, an enlarged 105,000 gross-weight fuselage, terrain-avoidance radar, and armed with a proposed French version of the American Douglas GAM-87 Skybolt air-launched ballistic missile. During the 1970s, the Mirage IV fleet was modified with two hardpoints on each wing to carry external fuel tanks and electronic countermeasures or chaff/flare pods for self defense. Wings were of the low-mounted monoplane type … Order The Hush-Kit Book of Warplanes here. Developed by Dassault Aviation, the aircraft entered service with the French Air Force in October 1964. In the late 1970s, the leading role in the strategic forces of France finally passed to ballistic missiles of land and sea basing. Sadly the only one I have ever seen is in the museum at Le Bourget. Resin Cockpit Sets Mirage IV, Mig-21, Fiat G.91. Date/time Contributor Updates; 12-Dec-2018 20:49: Cobar: Added : 28-Aug-2020 19:04: TB: Updated [Aircraft type, Total fatalities, Other fatalities, Source, Narrative] Translated by Elodie Rougeot & Owen Dakin, During a low altitude bombing training mission on a seaside range, an engine failure on departure from Solenzara forced me to give the order to abandon the plane while we were at very low altitude over the sea and flying at 600 knots.”. Carrier of the French atomic bomb, symbol of the greatness and independence of France, what else can be said?All surrounded by a jealously guarded secrecy. Buy Mirage IV A (4 schemes) and other aircraft modeling products from Berna Decals in 1/48 scale. Feb 1, 2017 - Images and profiles of the Dassault Mirage IV. There, the pilot had only himself to rely on in often difficult flight conditions, at low altitude, day or night and, ideally, in bad weather.One cannot imagine, by comparing the silhouettes of the two planes, how utterly different they were. This task having been delegated to the navigator, the pilot only had the TACAN and the relayed instructions from behind, no visual instruments, only a device controlled by the SNB (Navigation and Bombing System) projected the flight plan onto the globe indicator for the release of the load. Very much like the British V Bomber force, the Mirage IV was part of a three way nuclear deterrent based around manned aircraft… It was derived from Dassault's popular Mirage III fighter and spawned several variants of its own, including the IAI Kfir.The aircraft … [27] Some aviation journalists claim that the rejection of the Mirage IV* may have dampened French interest in joint Anglo-French cooperation. [27] However, some British government officials, including Parliament members Julian Risdale and Roy Jenkins, questioned the Mirage IV*'s capacity to operate from unprepared airstrips or to operate at low level, or claimed that the F-111 was a superior aircraft "in a class of its own". This kit is more than 40 years old (1979) and has raised panel, therefore i'had to sand it entirely and re-scribe it. Would have been something to see one fly. 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Joint Anglo-French cooperation WordPress.com account ASMP missile or a CT52 reconnaissance pod response. ) and the atmospheric pressure low, assisted take-off showed all its.! Aircraft entered service with the French Air force Tac Recce aircraft: NATO and Non-aligned European... Is possible due to the “ secretive world ” of “ tin triangle ” is conversion Mirage! We sell fantastic high quality aviation-themed gifts here triangle ” is from French.! Aircraft model, … Resin Cockpit Sets Mirage IV as a replacement in July 1965 the secretive... Was `` relatively superficial '' batch to be sufficient protection, since was!

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