We received generally positive feedback from the students, but the course had a smaller impact than we had hoped, as most of the students did not involve themselves further with military issues after the class. Despite the furor over these topics and resistance to changes from within the military, though, only 41 percent of millennials believe the military’s treatment of women and homosexuals is unfair, lower than any other generation (CM1T 43). The traditional understanding of military force is thus cast into doubt. They understand that the military is a very hierarchical organization but may not be able to explain the difference between a second lieutenant and a lieutenant colonel. Rather, we need fresh minds to approach the world as it is today and discover how a smarter and savvier military can make it better. In the throes of total war, the service of the Greatest Generation saved the Western world from the ambitions of conquering tyrants on either side of the globe. ), among others, provided invaluable guidance and perspective for us as students and citizens. Here are 10 characteristics of military millennials that leaders need to understand as they engage and lead them: They are mostly in the rank window of E5-E6 and O2-O3. Sept. 11 is critical not only to understanding policy, but also to understanding an entire generation: the millennials, or those born in 1982 through 2004. Considering the vehemence of the antiwar protesters, who torched both the Naval ROTC building and the university president’s office in 1969, it would have been shocking if the university had maintained its support for the program. 7. Millennials also have a high opinion of veterans’ work ethic and see the military as providing opportunities for the poor and minorities. Please be patient while we complete the request. On almost every other measure of personal connection to the military, however, millennials lag behind the rest of society. We've been dropping bombs in the Middle East for fifteen years, and there's no end in sight. These blithely stated virtues and vices, despite how much we like to talk about them, are not enough to explain millennial ambivalence toward military service. How effective can the military be if it can't win the war? What's missing from such discussions is how millennials have both inherited and reacted against a set of assumptions and norms by which the role of the military in the world is understood. Yet the slogan hails from victories of older wars. Some of the ideas we propose below are straightforward and relatively easy to implement, while others might be slightly more controversial and difficult to execute. 8 tough transition for the Millennial generation, and while that may be true, the reality is Millennials that join the military do not represent a cross-section of American society, nor their generation. While the post-9/11 GI bill provides education benefits to veterans, it only covers the cost up to that of the state’s most expensive public university, and only does so for four academic years (thirty-six months). In November of 2015, shortly after the Paris attacks, a poll from the Harvard Institute of Politics revealed that 60 percent of millennials were in favour of the use of military force in Iraq and Syria to combat ISIL, yet only 15 percent were willing to serve in the military. On factual questions, millennials are not much better: their mean estimate of the Marine Corps’ manpower was upwards of 3 million—off by a factor of twenty (CM1T 57). For a generation that, by virtue of the Internet, has access to exponentially more information than its parents or grandparents, what might be the reason for millennials’ ignorance? Become engaged in a community that shares an interest in the mission of the Hoover Institution to advance policy ideas that promote economic opportunity and prosperity, while securing and safeguarding peace for America and all mankind. Even if we completely owned and secured Iraq, the ideology and threat of terror would simply move elsewhere. The Millennial generation and national defense : attitudes of future military and civilian leaders. This lack of basic knowledge comes through clearly in the survey data. Join the Hoover Institution’s Somewhere in the previous decades, the default position of the university and its students had shifted from opposition to engagement with the military. Each of these affect Millennial spirituality and religion. And yet there is an inherent contradiction in the lives of millennials: despite growing up in an age of continuous war, this generation is broadly unfamiliar with the military, its culture, its basic structure, and its function. Millennials do not exhibit the same open antagonism towards service members that many of their parents or grandparents might have during the Vietnam era, yet neither do many of them understand the difference between a sailor, a soldier, an airman, and a Marine. Adolescent millennials could eat their Fruit Loops in peace, ignorant of the decades of political and military manoeuvring that had brought it to them. ", So, it is not surprising that, if we were to say to millennials that they should serve in the military, many would respond with the signature question of their generation: "Why?". Service to School, a nonprofit founded by Augusto Giacoman, Tim Hsia, Khalil Tawil, and Anna Ivey, provides free application counseling to veterans and has so far assisted over one hundred applicants in gaining admission to elite universities such as Harvard, Stanford, Northwestern, Columbia, and Notre Dame. Teenaged millennials watched as the conflict evolved into the "Global War on Terror." Not only did the number of applications for the course and trip far exceed the resources we had at our disposal, but there were also no other structured courses or programs on Stanford’s campus to which we could point where students so unfamiliar with the military could learn and engage on these issues. Guys like me, born in the late 80s to e And whether it's toward institutions, community clubs, or even relationships, they are markedly noncommittal. One of the most vexing questions for the framers of the Constitution was how to create a vigorous and independent executive without making him king. Furthermore, there are several for-profit universities that can only be described as predatory in their targeting of veterans. As Captain Tim Hsia (Ret.) Recent history taught us that wars are supposed to last four to eight years, tops. The Millennial generation -- including those born between about 1980 and 2000 -- has been criticized for saving less and carrying more debt than previous generations. Given the particular nature of the military profession, there will always be a gap between service members and civilians of every demographic, and this is not necessarily a bad thing. Members of the generation entering into adulthood during or after World War II, dubbed the "Silent Generation" for their reputation as withdrawn but hardworking people, would be understandably enthusiastic about the value of military force as a necessary political tool. Rather, it is in enabling interpersonal connections between young people and their peers in the military—connections that can inspire interest and important discussions about military and civilian values and the differences and commonalities between both groups. The problem today—and one could go so far as to call it a crisis—is that we're not sure how to win. They communicate and mobilize online. Appears in Winter 2016. In that case, shorter exchanges, such as the week-long program we developed, can still be immensely valuable. Furthermore, it was reported that in 2014 "almost 50 percent of Millennials responded that the United States should 'stay out' of world affairs, the highest rate since the Chicago Council on Global Affairs began asking the question in 1974.". In the context of millennial unfamiliarity with the military, though, this may be further evidence of it not being common knowledge that a relatively small number of troops actually experience combat, while the vast majority will never be in a firefight. Nine-in-ten Americans (91%) say they have felt proud of the soldiers serving in the military since those two wars began. Though they disagree with a number of specific policies, the military leadership is viewed far more favorably by millennials than political leaders are. We're not even sure what "winning" would look like in this conflict. Four decades on from Stanford’s expulsion of ROTC, much has changed in our nation’s civil-military relations, yet the stereotype of young people—especially those at elite universities—as antiwar radicals still persists in some quarters. Convinced that there was a market for studying military issues, we started organizing. Eschatology is that branch of systematic theology that studies the doctrine of last things--that is, future events prophesied or otherwise described in the Bible. Added to the core concepts of selfdefence and national security are the assumptions that we resort to armed conflict against political adversaries, often nation-states, in regions limited by political boundaries for a limited period of time. While both these explanations probably have some truth to them, the second offers a much clearer path to improving the civil-military relationship amongst millennials, one that we explored at Stanford. The issue of civil-military relations, particularly millennial-military relations, is one that merits further investigation and consideration, both in a scholarly sense and in the context of a broader societal discussion. Thus this new enemy is no longer bounded in terms of political borders, but rather in terms of a religious ideological identity. Those are perhaps three of the most common words associated with the millennial generation. Allowing a second lieutenant to work alongside a junior CIA analyst, for instance, or to serve alongside a junior foreign service officer at one of our embassies would give each an insight into the other. When asked about overall defense spending, only 12 percent of millennials think it should be increased, while 50 percent think it should be decreased, and a similar pattern holds for the military operations budget, which 50 percent of millennials believe should be decreased. Lazy. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. We see this distinction between supporting the troops and supporting the military as an institution in questions of policy and of trust in military messaging. As they process the question of how the military should be used today, millennials are uniquely without the advantage of having lived through the military engagements of prior decades. © 2020 by the Board of Trustees of Leland Stanford Junior University. 2. One of the primary conclusions we draw from the YouGov data is that millennials exhibit some skepticism about the US military as an institution while showing notable respect for men and women in uniform. When they interact with service members or are asked their opinions of the military and its role in American foreign policy, then, they may not appreciate how much autonomy and responsibility an enlisted “grunt” may actually have had while deployed to an Afghan village, or how little influence even a high-ranking officer may have had in planning the war in Iraq. The proximate cause of this shift in campus opinion was the repeal of the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” (DADT) law, which barred homosexuals from serving in the military and was often invoked to justify excluding the military from college campuses on the grounds that DADT constituted illegal discrimination. But for Millennial … It is a challenge uniquely suited to the virtues of the millennial generation. Against these values and assumptions, the US military's continued involvement in the Middle East is just baffling. with a few civilians in the mix whose subjects may be seen as too “soft” for those in the military profession. Combined with a civil-society-based effort to engage civilian young people in national service, such a program would allow civilians and service members to bond not just through words but through actions that demonstrate their shared commitment to serving their country. University Fellowships for Senior Noncommissioned Officers. Today, thanks to such rejigging, personal debt loads are a reality unthinkable to our forebears. Where we are threatened, we wield our military might because this keeps us safe in a dangerous world. [Morten G Ender; David E Rohall; Michael D Matthews] -- Captures the views, values, and attitudes of today's youth -- the Millennial generation -- towards the military, war, national defense and foreign policy matters. Because of this, some do not identify with their generation; this coincides with most millennials having a lack of exposure and … A significantly greater portion of their tax dollars has gone towards the wars in the Middle East than to federally funded higher education subsidies (that is, Pell Grants). and Anna Ivey point out in their New York Times op-ed “Fix the New G.I. Just as they can learn a great deal from a lieutenant colonel, students could learn a great deal from a sergeant major with twenty years of experience literally making the planes run on time. Our youngest adult generation grew up watching this war drag on and internalized the overarching narrative that military intervention, far from solving the problem of terrorism in that region, has only exacerbated whatever problem there was. The answer lies not in the "bigger and stronger" mindset of outdated militarism, nor in the non-interventionism of the war-weary. If we were to say to millennials that they should serve in the military, many would respond with the signature question of their generation: "Why? We need fresh minds to approach the world as it is today and discover how a smarter and savvier military can make it better. During the Vietnam era, when scores of young people were coerced (or faced the risk of coercion) via the draft into joining the military against their will, their opinions of the institution may have been poisoned from the very beginning. Millennials also frequently respond with “not sure” to survey questions that involve factual knowledge of the military, suggesting a combination of ignorance and humility regarding these issues (CM1T 51, 40). Using the data, which breaks down public attitudes towards the military by age, socioeconomic status, race, and various other categories, we make two broad observations. Millennium Space Systems says an experiment launched to space on Nov. 19 will show that a small satellite with a deployable tether can safely deorbit in about 45 days. We present these ideas in order to spark conversation and thought, not as polished proposals for reform, but we believe their implementation would contribute positively to tightening the relationship between civilians and the military at all levels. As of now, the faculties of the US military academies are made up mostly of active duty or retired officers. An introduction to Public Theology for the Common Good. Of course something needs to be done about the mess in the Middle East, but the Hellfire missiles don't seem to be working. When it comes to the military specifically, millennials are the least likely demographic to advise a close friend to join the military, perhaps suggesting that it is not seen as an attractive career option (CM2T 11). We need to look at the cultural rejigging about what war and the military entail in the unique contexts of the twenty-first century. The news at one time brought up the idea that, despite the large number of Mormons that support the current war conflicts, the members and LDS Church itself are skipping out on serving in the military. It is being used differently today than it ever has been in the past because there has never been a time like today. Using survey data collected for this volume by YouGov for James Mattis and Kori Schake, we will outline and analyze the statistics that underlie this dynamic. Just 16 percent of millennials say the United States stands above all other countries, making them less than half as likely as older adults to subscribe to this view of American exceptionalism. This model should be replicated on a larger scale to encourage more veterans to apply to four-year colleges and universities. In a period characterized by shockingly low levels of trust in our fundamental institutions, the military has consistently been the most trusted. in Philosophy from Georgia State University in 2014, focusing on the ethics of the use of drones in modern warfare. Within days of joining the Air Force, I learned that our favoured slogan is to "Fly, Fight, and Win." To deny otherwise is to deny both recent polling and common observation. Recruiting Veterans to Universities and Increased Funding for Veteran Scholarships. So, even where the use of military force does not align with this jig, the tool is still useful for evaluating how the military should be used, and what a justifiable war looks like. Use of the military is emphatically not an impotent effort doomed for quagmire. Students in such programs would get to know their peers at the institution they were visiting and gain exposure to the different routines and culture, even if they were not able to get the in-depth experience a longer program would allow. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. We observed anecdotally during the ROTC debate at Stanford that even students who were passionate about the issue displayed an ignorance of the basic organization, demographics, and principles of the military. Just as our students at Stanford benefitted from a short period at the Naval Academy, so other college students would gain important insights by spending some time at one of the US military academies, and vice versa. They’re less religious, less likely to have served in the military, and are on track to become the … Military intervention has been immensely effective at crippling global terrorist networks. Millennials generally have more interaction with current service members than other age groups do, as one might expect given that most service members are themselves millennials (CM2T 3, 5, 6, 7). Its adherents understand the one-thousand years of Revelation 20 to represent the entire span between Christ’s first and second advents, in which Jesus reigns from the right hand of the Father. Active-Duty Officers Teach Full Time at Civilian Institutions. Our first attempt to address the campus civil-military gap was leading a student-initiated course in 2012 on US military history and policy. The generation prior to millennials stayed in their roles for roughly the same amount of time as millennials are now. Support the Mission of the Hoover Institution, Battlegrounds: International Perspectives, George Shultz Helped Democracy Flourish In Asia. (She has also described how much the experience has influenced her own views and beliefs.) advancing ideas defining a free At their worst, they are the generation of participation trophies and helicopter parents. That millennials advocate the use of the military but avoid serving denotes a deep tension at work in how they process the question of military intervention. Paul Sikkema is an intelligence analyst in the United States Air Force. The intervention that they've witnessed has led to a longer war than any fought by their parents or grandparents. The reality is that most millennials simply lack the information and experience necessary to understand the military. Admissions offices at American universities should improve their outreach to veterans, who would bring a unique perspective to any incoming freshman class, and, accordingly, veteran representation should be considered an integral part of a diverse student body. In the end, how the military votes may have more to do with the more progressive social views of the Millennial generation now serving, and with their exhaustion over the … Selling a Home. Editor's note: This essay is excerpted from the new Hoover Press book, Warriors and Citizens: American Views of Our Military. But focusing on these issue-specific disagreements risks missing the proverbial forest for the trees. In the spring of 2012, we designed and taught a survey course for undergraduates, The US Military in International Security. Additionally, institutions of higher education, from state community colleges to private four-year universities, should create funds to help subsidize veteran enrollment. They are instead reliant on the resources passed down to them from parents and schoolteachers. After ten weeks in the classroom, the course culminated in a one-week trip to the Washington DC area. ), General James Mattis (Ret. See our, The Shipwrecked Book: Mark Lilla's Nostalgic Prison. With respect to overall military pay, 33 percent of 18- to 29-year-olds favor increasing military pay, while only 6 percent favor decreasing it (57 percent believe it should be kept the same). There is one problem with all the advice about how to recruit and lead young millennials in the U.S. military: Millennials are no longer the generation the military needs to focus on. In our review of the literature, there is a mixed finding. And in this seemingly eternal half-war, we are more than ever in need of millennials bringing their skill set to their nation's defence. However, no other category of the military budget addressed in the survey was received this favorably, with support for increasing the operations and training budget coming in second at only 14 percent. The old jig that helped us determine how to use our military no longer seems to apply, and we are left reeling. In addition to a dearth of factual knowledge of the military, there is also a general lack of awareness among millennials that service members fulfill duties other than combat. There are, however, several ways to increase mutual understanding and respect between young civilians and their military counterparts. There is likely more to this story than simple self-interest, however. Millennials are also the only demographic of which a majority does not support raising taxes to provide veterans with “the best health and retirement benefits” (CM1T 47). We have encountered many young people who were unaware that it is possible to be a lawyer, or a nurse, or a priest, or an electrician and have a significant role within the US military (whether on active duty or as a reserve billet). We’re building the ship as we’re sailing it. As the United States military begins its final drawdown from Afghanistan and reassesses its strategy and legacy in Iraq, millennials will begin to witness the end of a period that for most has comprised the majority of their lifetimes. Against the traditional jig that the purpose of a military is to achieve national defence and security, millennials have developed a counter-jig which assumes that the military is ill-suited to meet that purpose. The basic fairness of the all-volunteer force, and the concomitant elimination of the risk of coerced service, may have created space for young people to respect the military in the abstract without worrying that it would unduly intrude on their lives. On the surface, joining the military might seem like a. Faculty luminaries such as former secretary of defense William Perry, former secretary of state Condoleezza Rice, and historian David Kennedy led the push to reconsider and reinvite ROTC to campus, while student groups such as Stanford Students for Queer Liberation (SSQL) and Stanford Says No to War (SSNW) led the opposition to reintegration. Likewise, 45 percent of millennials have confidence in the meritocratic nature of the military hierarchy. The second portion of the trip involved meetings with senior Pentagon officials, a visit to Andrews Air Force Base, Marine Corps Base Quantico, the House Armed Services Committee, and the White House Office of Public Engagement. At civilian institutions of higher education, most courses on military strategy are in the context of ancient warfare, and discussion centers on strategic theory and accounts of battles long past. New Ways to Fulfill Service Obligations. society. Comment Magazine is powered by Cardus | 185 Young Street, Hamilton, ON, L8N 1V9 | www.cardus.ca | 1-888-339-8866, You can unsubscribe at any time. Yet there is danger that the modern counter- jig of military impotence is exactly the wrong lesson to learn. As of 2015, about 72 percent of active duty personnel were millennials. The question is not whether we should resort to armed force to protect ourselves; it is whether it can effectively do so in this twenty-first-century conflict. and, How does it achieve that end? The second explanation is that millennials, even those who are curious about the military, do not have enough opportunities to learn about it. Understanding Sept. 11 and its cultural impact is crucial to understanding almost every foreign policy and military decision that has happened since. In this chapter, we will argue that this disconnect is largely a function of a lack of awareness and exposure. They are the most technologically connected, but least socially communal group of people. For the years between the fall of the Soviets and 9/11, the main thing millennials would glean about the American military was that it had proved during the Gulf War to be the dominant military force on the globe. We're rightly exhausted by the thought of bombs falling for fifteen years, yet the prospects for peace are not good if they stop altogether. The vote followed a yearlong process of study and heated debate that engaged a wide array of student groups, faculty, and the university administration in conversations over issues such as the military’s inclusiveness and the academic rigor of ROTC programs. This would allow them to both share their perspectives as operators of finely tuned systems and make clear that there are many paths in the military other than that of the traditional infantry “grunt.” The service members, in turn, would bring to their next assignments a deeper knowledge of their field of study and a broader intellectual perspective; teaching skills, which are crucial to good leadership; and an understanding of the civilians they serve. There, with the help of a group of student leaders equally committed to increasing civil-military dialogue, we paired our students up with midshipmen to be fully immersed in the Annapolis experience, from morning physical training to classes to extracurricular activities. Learn how our local agent expertise, combined with the regional New Millennium support and the global reach of the CENTURY 21® brand, all work together to get your home sold for the for the best price possible in the shortest amount of time. Crawford points out how, among other things, the invention of consumer credit helped to "rejig" a culture once held together by "mutually reinforcing norms" of frugality. They dramatically overestimate its size, are not familiar with the myriad roles service members may play outside of combat, and frequently respond with uncertainty to other factual questions, suggesting a self-awareness about their lack of familiarity. They are least likely to work with a veteran (CM2T 4). Rather, we need to look at the cultural rejigging about what war and the military entail in the unique contexts of the twenty-first century. Your gift helps advance ideas that promote a free society. A majority of millennials believes the military’s public portrayal of the progress made in the war in Afghanistan is either “very” or “somewhat” inaccurate, while just one in five millennials thinks it is “mostly” accurate, and only 1 percent believe it is “completely” accurate. The word “millennial” conjures up images of skinny, jean-wearing, Tinder-swiping dandies. The result of the 1970 vote to remove ROTC from Stanford was ostensibly due to concerns over whether the academic rigor of ROTC’s military science classes was sufficient to merit the granting of university credit, but it came in the larger context of the Vietnam War and the broad antimilitary sentiment it inspired amongst the students and many faculty members.