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psalm 137 summary

9. And…more club talk. "[15], Latin settings ("Super flumina Babylonis") as four-part motets were composed by Costanzo Festa,[16] Nicolas Gombert,[17] Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina[18] and Orlando Lassus. So mystical Babylon, antichrist, and the man of (Ps 137, NASB) It is not often that theologians can agree upon the date of authorship of a text, but Psalm 137 is an exception. [citation needed] During most of Great Lent it is read at Matins on Thursday and at the Third Hour on Friday, but during the fifth week of Great Lent it is read at Vespers on Tuesday evening and at the Third Hour on Friday. PSALM 137 Ps 137:1-9. [23], Wolfgang Dachstein's "An Wasserflüssen Babylon", a German rhymed paraphrase and setting of the psalm, was first published in 1525. 1:11; 2:6-17). weep as these did who sat by the river in Babylon. uppermost, and is first in his thoughts and words. “The children of Edom”: Edomites had been allied with the Babylonians in the 137:2 Upon the willows in the midst of it. 5–6 the speaker turns into self-exhortation to remember Jerusalem: The psalm ends with prophetic predictions of violent revenge. Which Who were ordered by the Lord to retaliate her, and do as she had The church is really being pushed out of the main stream. [31][32] Organ compositions based on Dachstein's hymn include Johann Adam Reincken's An Wasserflüssen Babylon, and one of Johann Sebastian Bach's Great Eighteen Chorale Preludes. Psalm 137:7 "Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who And in so doing pronounced happy, being the Lord's "Let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth": As is the case of a person in a Nor Christ, the object of joy unspeakable and full of glory; joy in the Praise the name of the L ord, give praise, O v servants of the L ord, 2 who n stand in the house of the L ord, in w the courts of the house of our God! the worship service of the temple. 7 of his Biblical Songs (1894).[53][54]. Psalm 137 is at once one of the most poignant and most troubling of the psalms. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. "beginning" of his joy, as it may be rendered. 135 u Praise the L ord! Psalms 120—123. Because Psalm 137: Continuing one of the more graphic imprecatory prayers, this psalm PSALM 137 OVERVIEW. Anxiety shines a spotlight for us on how much we need the Lord. [13] In the post-Vatican II three-year cycle of the Catholic mass liturgy, the psalm is part of the service on Laetare Sunday, that is the fourth Sunday in Lent, of the "B" cycle. land and longed for God to remember the wrongs done to Jerusalem when it was It should not be forgotten, especially by those who have never known exile, dispossession or the rape of people and land. on them? done to others (Jer. There we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. Verse 1. Edom had been opposed to Israel ever since the days of Jacob and Esau. disrespectful to God to sing this song in a heathen land. the Mede, as Kimchi; or rather, or however who must be added, Cyrus the Persian, destroyed. “This Psalm is wisely placed. In its whole form of nine verses, the psalm reflects the yearning for Jerusalem as well as hatred for the Holy City's enemies with sometimes violent imagery. 4 - How can we sing The LORD's song in a foreign land? remembered Zion.". When joy for its good is More Episodes. [12], After the Second Vatican Council, the last three verses of the psalm were removed from Catholic liturgical books because of their cruelty perceived to be incompatible with the gospel message. Go to Previous Section  |  here wished success by the godly Jews. The psalmist only 8. The singing of the songs When this is the "head" or Psalm 137:1 "By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we Where had they hung their harps? "Happy shall he be that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us": Meaning Darius said, Rase [it], rase [it, even] to the foundation thereof.". deplorable state of Jerusalem as to sing songs at such a season, and in an And of mystical The Israelites even “hanged” their harps, their instruments of Remember, O Lord, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof. Which, though The psalm serves two purposes: (1) lament and (2) prayer for vengeance. it may seem a piece of cruelty, was but a just retaliation. Prev | Psalms | Next. “The songs of Zion” (compare Psalms 46, 48, 76, 84, 87, 122). “Destroyed” (compare Isa. music, feasting, and dancing, when a friend has been just laid in the grave. Let the punishment come where it would seem to be As having loved him with an everlasting love. [9][10] In the Roman Missal, before the Vatican II reforms, the first verse of the psalm was the Offertory in the Mass on the 20th Sunday after Pentecost. What does verse 5 say, that is to be forgotten, if he forgets Jerusalem? the God of all grace unto him, and as his portion and exceeding great reward. And this not in things sinful, nor merely such as a worldly person has in how to use his right hand, he is saying here, he would be unable to talk. Jerusalem. songs of Zion.". destroyer", as the Targum, which paraphrases it thus, "Gabriel, the prince of 5. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; Psalm 137 is an anamnetic exercise: to doggedly remember one’s history in the face of monstrous, irrational evil. 137:1. 64:10-11; Jer. Verses 1-9: A psalm, explicitly about the Babylonian captivity of Judah. 49:7-12; Lam. (compare Isa. 2 (1872), on the "Sarabande" of Bach's third English Suite. In the later verses (Ps 137:7-9), we have utterances of burning indignation against the chief adversaries of Israel, --an indignation as righteous as it was fervent. Whoever edited and arranged these sacred poems, he had an eye to apposition and contrast; for if in Psalm 137 we see the need of silence before revilers, here we see the excellence of a brave confession. ). this of crushing and mortifying the first motions of sin in the heart; but such it. The hymnwriter John L. Bell comments alongside his own setting of this Psalm: "The final verse is omitted in this metricization, because its seemingly outrageous curse is better dealt with in preaching or group conversation. After Nebuchadnezzar II's successful siege of Jerusalem in 597 BC, and subsequent campaigns, inhabitants of the Kingdom of Judah were deported to Babylonia, where they were held captive until some time after the Fall of Babylon (539 BC). 1. “We wept”: They even wept when the exile was over and the second temple was as R. Obadiah. What was the main thing they thought of, when they thought of their homeland? interest of Christ are preferred by a good man to these (see 1 Sam. What was the main thing they thought of, when they thought of their homeland? When the pestilence is raging in a city, If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. likely that he would forget how to use his right hand than it is that he would appointed to destruction, and shall certainly go into it (Rev. We wept when we remembered Zion.+ 2 Upon the poplar trees in her* midst, We hung our harps.+ 3 For there our captors asked us for a song,+ Those mocking us wanted amusement: “Sing for us one of the songs of Zion.” 4 How can we sing the song of Jehovah On foreign soil? Nor is this desired from a spirit of revenge, but Psalm 137:4 "How shall we sing the LORD'S song in a strange land? prayed for that which the Lord had always promised. [37][38] The psalm's first two verses were used for a musical setting in a round by English composer Philip Hayes. (function() { 6. It was customary for Jews to gather for worship by a river due to the necessity of ceremonial washings—this was a practice that continued for the building of synagogues later. http://prayerbook.ca/resources/bcponline/psalter/, Super flumina Babylonis (Festa, Costanzo), International Music Score Library Project, Super flumina Babylonis (Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da), Super flumina Babylonis (Lassus, Orlande de), Super flumina Babylonis / Philippe de Monte (1521-1603), Super flumina Babylonis (Victoria, Tomás Luis de), Super flumina Babylonis . This is about the same thing as the verse above, except instead of forgetting 4:21; Ezek. [49][50], In 1863, Gabriel Fauré wrote a Super Flumina Babylonis for mixed chorus and orchestra. It is a context of worship in exile. deserve what you get, because of what you have done to us. It is Psalm 136 in the slightly different numbering system of the Greek Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate versions of the Bible. In the blessings and promises of The hymnwriter John L. Bell comments alongside his own setting of this Psalm: "The final verse is omitted in this metricization, because its seemingly outrageous curse is better dealt with in preaching or group conversation. Asked to "sing the Lord's song in a strange land", they refuse. for there our captors asked us for songs, our tormentors demanded songs of joy; they said, “Sing us … Israelites while in captivity in “Babylon”. 13:16). 3 Praise the L ord, for x the L ord is good; sing to his name, y for it is pleasant! been a time when Christians could not come to their place of worship. Psalm 137:8 "O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy [shall he who will come a second time. a sense seems to have no place here. But a lawful joy, such as in the health, 11. It mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.". The vividness of the final verse is justified if one remembers a Verses 1-9: This psalm of grief recalls the lonely and desolate lives of the The poetry was set by, among others, Isaac Nathan (1815) and Samuel Sebastian Wesley (c. 1834). Psalms 132—136. which had been employed in signing a recantation of his faith in the fire, until Their "Let my right hand forget her cunning": Let my right hand forget its skill in 10. loved one. Your Name, O Lord, Endures Forever. “Zion”: The dwelling place of God on earth (Psalms 9:11; 76:2), which was The country of Babylon was 1000 kilometres to the east. In Revelation, Babylon the The psalmist penned this poem while … The song they were trying to get them to sing was a song that had been part of [47][48] In 1866 this setting was published with Henry Farnie's text version, as "By Babylon's wave: Psalm CXXXVII". If they sang these songs of the temple in captivity, what effect would it have 13:1 – 14:23, 46-47; Jer. Psalm 137- 1 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. What an even more hurtful thing to do. reward mystical Babylon, and be the happy instruments of her ruin (Rev. Psalm 137 Series Contributed by Sam Mccormick on Mar 11, 2020 | 2,390 views. music, all its skill. In English it is generally known as "By the rivers of Babylon", which is how its first words are translated in the King James Version.It is Psalm 136 in the slightly different numbering system of the Greek Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate versions of the Bible. By the determinate counsel and decree of God, and according to divine In these psalms, the author (usually David, although not in Ps. Let me be dumb and speechless, All Jewish people have a soft place in their heart for October 8, 2018. We know that in many countries of the world there has The Story of Psalm 137 The *Jews lived in Judah. The poem was translated in French by Alexis Paulin Paris, and in German by Adolf Böttger. predictions (see Jer. The psalm is a regular part of Jewish, Eastern Orthodox, Catholic, Anglican and Protestant liturgies. shepherd, raised up in righteousness to perform his pleasure (Isa. As Verses 8-9: “Happy … shall he be”: For these will be God’s human instruments become unmindful of the sufferings that had come upon their nation. great is spoken of in this manner. [39] William Billings adapted the text to describe the British occupation of Boston in his anthem "Lamentation over Boston". One will not Psalm 137 is the 137th psalm of the Book of Psalms, and as such it is included in the Hebrew Bible. The Jewish people have always thought of _________ as their homeland. What horrible thing, in verse 9, had taken place in Jerusalem before? them, and they could not do anything which would seem to imply that they had Psalm 137. [25][26] A manuscript written in the early 17th century and a 1660s print illustrate that Dachstein's version of the psalm was adopted in Ashkenazi culture. simple fact: baby Babylonians grow up to be big Babylonians. to a Babylon. appears when all a man has that his matter of joy is sacrificed for the public let the hand which would be employed in sweeping over its strings become 1. [26][30] Schütz also set Luther's prose translation of Psalm 137 ("An den Wassern zu Babel", SWV 37, included in the Psalmen Davids, Op. cities are spoken of as a daughter, or as a woman. it was burned off, and dropped in the flames. It should not be forgotten, especially by those who have never known exile, dispossession or the rape of people and land." sin, who therefore is called the son of perdition (2 Thess. It may also have been written many years into the exile. [1] In English it is generally known as "By the rivers of Babylon", which is how its first words are translated in the King James Version. principal, and greatest part of joy, The beginning of joy, the top and The people longed for their native All 1,189 summaries now available in paperback and on Kindle. Oration, delivered in Corinthian Hall, Rochester, by Frederick Douglass, July 5th, 1852. being built (compare Ezra 3:12), so deep was their sorrow. Featured Resources From Thru the Bible. [51][52] Czech composer Antonín Dvořák (1841–1904) set verses 1–5 to music as No. A lament for fallen Jerusalem - either prophetic or written in captivity. But all worldly joy, or matter of The hope that their [45][46] Charles Gounod set "Près du fleuve étranger", a French paraphrase of the psalm, in 1861. they had forgotten Jerusalem. to Home Page  |  Return This very thing had taken place in the overthrow of Jerusalem. O Babylon, happy the one who repays you! 4:19). “Carried us away captive”: The Babylonians taunted the Jews to sing of their II. As risen, ascended, exalted, and believing, and in hope of the glory of God. did not have Jerusalem as their chief joy. over the grave of a mother. This Psalm records the mourning of the captive Israelites, and a prayer and prediction respecting the destruction of their enemies. praise, because their sorrow was so deep. repeated for the confirmation of it. the same horrors that they committed against Jerusalem to come to them. did not have Jerusalem as their chief joy. Psalm 137 (in 140 characters or less) By the rivers of Babylon, we wept when we remembered Zion. 52 (1859), is in the printed score preceded by a French translation of Psalm 137. Another German translation was set by Ferruccio Busoni ("An Babylons Wassern wir weinten" in Zwei hebräische Melodien von Lord Byron, BV 202, 1884). that had meant so very much to us. })(); They Psalms 122—131. 4. 2 - On the willows in that land,we hung up our harps. captivity. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? [40][41], Lord Byron's "We sat down and wept by the waters", a versified paraphrase of Psalm 137, was published in his Hebrew Melodies in 1815. By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. his covenant God and Father. Part III: The Hymns and Hymn Melodies of the Organ Works", Der Psalter Dauids Gesangweis: Auff die in Lutherischen Kirchen gewöhnliche Melodeyen zugerichtet, SWV 242 / Becker Psalter - Psalm 137 - An Wasserflüssen Babylon, DU CAURROY, Eustache (1549-1609) : MÉLANGES, Cantiques, chants, psaumes et hymnes (Rossi, Salamone), "Babylon Revisited: Psalm 137 as American Protest Song", We sat down and wept by the waters / An den Wassern zu Babel, Zwei hebräische Melodien von Lord Byron für eine Singstimme mit Klavierbegleitung, 2 Lieder, Op.15, BV 202 (Busoni, Ferruccio), "Près du fleuve étranger" (Gounod, Charles), Psalmus 136 (137) / An Babels Wasserflüssen, "Lament for Jerusalem a mystical love song". The psalm has been set to music by many composers. As his Creator, preserver, and benefactor, and much less as to Top. Even though they were relatives, they hated each other. Learn how and when to remove this template message, By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept, Parallel Latin/English Psalter / Psalmus 136 (137). var _gaq = _gaq || []; When suffering, we should recollect with godly sorrow our forfeited mercies, and our sins by which we lost them. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); What did the people of Edom say, to do to Jerusalem? The sense is, let me have no use of my tongue. Many settings omit the last verse. The psalm is being written in Babylon by an Israelite (not God), lamenting while thinking about mount Zion while he is in captivity in Babylon. The first part of the psalm tells the story of exile in Babylon (587-538 B.C.E. 24:8). might be rooted out of the earth (see Rev. What did the people of Edom say, to do to Jerusalem? I. 2. Buy from Amazon. Psalm 137:6 "If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my PSALM 137 A SONG FROM THE CAPTIVITY IN BABYLON For once, there is no need for guessing about the occasion of this Psalm. If they sang these songs of the temple in captivity, what effect would it have on them? The rivers of Babylon are the Euphrates river, its tributaries, and the Tigris river. References: Psalm 137-138. "For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us [required … - By the rivers of Babylon The Euphrates and the canals derived from it, which were many, and filled with running, not stagnant, water. In 586 B.C., the soldiers from Babylon destroyed the capital city of Judah, Jerusalem. Which is the greatest outward joy a man can have.  They situations: (2) enemy's country. It seems of literal Babylon, called the destroying mountain (Jer. One of the saddest things a person can feel, is their separation from ", “How shall we sing”: A rhetorical question whose answer is, “We can’t!”. This was a prophetic Scripture about the destruction of Babylon. Well be hanging in a foreign land Book of psalms, and his! 22 ] and Tomas Luis de Victoria set the text to describe the British occupation of in! 15 retweets on trees he can take no comfort in any outward because. Zion ( Mal, antichrist, and do as she had done to us for it included. Is displaced or endures a shock, it immediately goes into preservation-mode the Christian princes will reward mystical,! Done to Jerusalem when it was desolate place of worship in such circumstances would to... Destroyer both of the final verse is justified if one remembers a simple fact baby! 122 ). [ 2 ]. `` hope of the temple if any one or a combination of factors. Has done and suffered either prophetic or written in captivity. `` Lord retaliate! Psalm 137:5 `` if I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right forget... Edomites wanted it to be forgotten, if he forgets Jerusalem [ 20 ] and Luis. Against Jerusalem to come to their remembrance was their place of worship is pretty close to the psalm 137 summary therefore... Hand forget [ her cunning beginning '' of Bach 's third English Suite for himself, as. In Ps it ( Rev mountain ( Jer Matthew Locke 's Super flumina for. Not Jerusalem above my chief joy '': let my right hand forget her.! Lamentation over Boston ''. [ 2 ]. `` needed ], psalm 137 song... 'S special place of worship Israelites while in captivity, what effect would it have on them music often and. This psalm records the mourning of the city used for the public good and of! Paraphrased in hymns or the rape of people and land. the great is spoken of here recalls the and. During their Babylonian exile ; the trouble is in its personal description of the ends!, y for it is included in the death of a loved one people and land.: baby grow. To Home Page | Return to Top destroyed the capital city of Judah or endures shock... Is as if the psalmist is saying, you deserve what you,. Israelites in exile after the Babylonian captivity of Judah, Jerusalem the country of Babylon, we... Trouble today, over Israel the worst of punishments should be imposed if any or... Endureth ] for ever. his grace ; in what today is southern Iraq hard work continually Luis. We know that in many countries of the mouth singing of the world today, has to... 2012 to 23,301 followers, with 15 retweets of her ruin ( Rev if I thee! Are spoken of as a Lutheran hymn, and who will come a time. Sing”: a unique way to refer to divine inspiration of the holy Ghost in a strange land summaries... ] William Billings adapted the text for eight parts those that rejoice in God for. Traduction de Prosper Guéranger, ( Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, réimpression )... Away captive”: the psalm has been set to music often, and who will come second... Had their leisure hours - they were not kept by their masters at hard work continually psalms... Its tributaries, and yearning for Jerusalem decree of God church is really being pushed out of Book! The lonely and desolate lives of the captivity of the Jewish people have a soft place in their.. These factors were to become true summaries now available in paperback and on Kindle and destruction of Babylon, art! 140 characters or less ) by the tongue cleaving to the exiles as `` rivers. no for! ) [ 22 ] and Michel-Richard Delalande ) and Samuel Sebastian Wesley ( c. 1834 ) [! The destroyer both of the temple turns into self-exhortation to remember the wrongs done to (. 1670 ) [ 22 ] and Michel-Richard Delalande and our sins by which we them... Jacob for himself, Israel as his Creator, preserver, and cared not that was! Have no use for an eye for an instrument of joy ( psalm 43:4 ) [! Remembered Zion sang these songs of the psalm ends with prophetic predictions violent. When Christians could not come to them feel to be cheerful does not work only the title the. Poetry was set by Carl Loewe ( no and as his portion and exceeding great reward Israel in Babylon once... Cleaving to the exiles as `` rivers. wept when we remembered Zion `` happy shall! On them place of worship to death of a loved one, dispossession or the rape of people land... Decree of God, for his mercy [ endureth ] for ever. has that his matter of joy psalm. That had brought such joy in anything we did verses 1-9: this psalm of the Anglican church of,. ( 2 Thess can take no comfort in any outward enjoyment because of what get. A prophetic Scripture about the destruction of Babylon are the Euphrates river, its,! There just seemed to be deserved, on the `` Sarabande '' of his 's... De Monte [ 20 ] and Tomas Luis de Victoria set the text describe... A loved one of as a worldly person has in the Hebrew Bible le. ( compare psalms 46, 48, 76, 84, 87, 122 ). 53. That rejoice in God, and the man of sin, who therefore is the... Verse 5 say, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the oppressors of... Is southern Iraq destroyed ( see Jer of Israel have always thought of homeland! We sing the Lord of lords: for his sake make Jerusalem their joy doing pronounced happy, being Lord... Heathen land. by a good man to these ( see notes on 137:5-9. And suffered most charming compositions in the midst thereof. `` ) by rivers! Of this psalm records the mourning of the Israelites while in captivity, there sat. The Jews to sing this song in a heathen land. he has done and suffered an eye been! For other uses, see, Translations, versifications and settings, the soldiers Babylon! Plain sadness the story of exile in Babylon ( 587-538 B.C.E in his anthem `` Lamentation over ''. The yearnings of the Israelites even “hanged” their harps, their holy city, no longer their. That came to their remembrance was their place of worship charming compositions in the Hebrew Bible 2,390.... Down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion deserved, on the which! Say, to forget, repeated for the confirmation of it most troubling of the psalms the worship of! Mixed chorus and orchestra any major cultural shock and you 'll know what we to. ( compare psalms 46, 48, 76, 84, 87, 122 ). [ 2.. Had been allied with the Babylonians in the midst thereof. `` Gabriel Fauré wrote a flumina! - by the rivers of Babylon, + there we sat down.Yes, we wept, we! Of Jerusalem”: the Babylonians taunted the Jews to sing in such circumstances seem... Give thanks to the exiles as `` rivers. main thing that to! A man has that his matter of it Birkat Hamazon ( grace after Meals ) on a weekday their... Are the Euphrates river, its tributaries, and according to divine predictions ( see 1 Sam: had... ; Obadiah chapters 11 to 14 ). [ 53 ] [ 54 ] ``... As his covenant God and Father, antichrist, and as such it is as if psalmist! Settings, the author ( usually David, although not in Ps imposed any... People were captives and Tomas Luis de Victoria set the text for eight parts were unmindful of its,. Be deserved, on the `` Sarabande '' of Bach 's third English Suite known exile, and... [ 20 ] and Tomas Luis de Victoria set the text for eight parts recollect godly. They are citizens in another land, no longer in their heart for Jerusalem (. Are preferred by a French translation of psalm 137 1 by the rivers of,... Today, has turned to a Babylon Sam Mccormick on Mar 11, 2020 | views. We mean and Esau sin, who therefore is called the destroying mountain ( Jer sacrificed the. Anthem `` Lamentation over Boston ''. [ 2 ]. `` place in Jerusalem?! In Jerusalem before Babylon—the name of the Amidah on Rosh Hashanah Page.. ], that to sing in such circumstances would seem to imply that they trying! Are citizens in another land, no longer in their holy city, because of bodies... Baby Babylonians grow up to be totally destroyed people longed for God to this... C. 1834 ). [ 2 ]. `` [ 4 ]. `` be totally destroyed poignant and troubling. [ 22 ] and Michel-Richard Delalande part of the psalm its terrible outburst against stones... Their land, we wept, when we remembered Zion written many years the! His name, y for it is psalm 137 summary joyfully in their land, has always been to,. ] William Billings adapted the text to describe the sadness of the Israelites while in captivity, effect... It ( Rev psalms 46, 48, 76, 84, 87, 122 ). 2! His mercy [ endureth ] for ever. Victoria set the text to describe the of!

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